Integrating Operations into Planning and Programming

Communicating TSMO

Analysis and Performance Measurement

Regional Collaboration and Coordination

Organizing for Operations

Mainstreaming TSMO

Transportation Systems Management and Operations (TSMO) Plans

Congestion Management Process (CMP)

How Does TSMO Relate To ...

All Resources

Resource Type

Resources Helpful to ...

Policy and Regulations

Performance-Based Planning

Designing for Operations

Regional ITS Architecture and ITS Strategic Plans

Systems Engineering and ITS Project Development

Livability and Sustainability

Traffic Signal Programs

Corridor Management

Active Transportation and Demand Management

Transportation Demand Management

Traffic Incident Management



Performance-Based Planning and Programming

Performance-based planning and programming applies performance management principles to transportation system policy and investment decisions, providing a link between management and long-range decisions about policies and investments that an agency makes in its transportation system. Performance-based planning and programming is a system-level, data-driven process to identify strategies and investments. Long-range planning helps to define key goals and objectives and to analyze and evaluate strategies and scenarios for meeting goals. Connecting performance measures to goals and objectives through target setting provides a basis for understanding and sharing information with stakeholders and the public.

With the 2012 passage of the Federal surface transportation legislation, "Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act" (MAP-21), performance-based planning has taken on even greater significance. MAP-21 calls for statewide and metropolitan planning processes to incorporate a more comprehensive performance-based approach to decisionmaking.

The objectives-driven, performance-based approach to planning for operations is an example of performance-based planning focused on one area: operations. The same processes and principles are used in both planning for operations and performance-based planning. The planning for operations approach falls under the larger planning activity of performance-based planning. By expanding the objectives-driven, performance-based approach for operations to other areas such as safety, asset management, freight, and others, a region or State can build a comprehensive performance-based planning process.


  • Advancing Transportation Systems Management and Operations Through Scenario Planning (HTML, PDF 1.2MB) - The intent of this primer is to inform planners, operators, and other transportation systems management and operations (TSMO) partners on the potential use of scenario planning to advance TSMO. (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-16-016, October 2015).