Programming and Funding for Operations
Management and operations (M&O) projects may be eligible for funding from several sources: State and local governments, the Surface Transportation Program (STP), the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) program, and others. In the context of the objectives-driven, performance-based approach to planning for operations, operations objectives should guide decisions on funding projects or programs for operations. This creates a clear link between the plan and the State or metropolitan transportation improvement program (S/TIP).
M&O strategies should be programmed and implemented in collaboration with operating agencies. Many of the M&O strategies will flow from the transportation plan to be programmed in the S/TIP. Examples of the more innovative approaches to funding M&O strategies across the United States include:
- Development Fees: New developments pay a pro rata share of the costs of transportation improvements needed as a result of those developments in Montgomery County, Maryland.
- Private Traffic Reporting Company: A Tucson, Arizona traffic control center receives personnel services and advertising time in exchange for traffic information.
- Turnpike Tolls: The New Jersey Turnpike Authority's Traffic Operations Center is funded through tolls.