Integrating Operations into Planning and Programming

Communicating TSMO

Analysis and Performance Measurement

Regional Collaboration and Coordination

Organizing for Operations

Mainstreaming TSMO

Transportation Systems Management and Operations (TSMO) Plans

Congestion Management Process (CMP)

How Does TSMO Relate To ...

All Resources

Resource Type

Resources Helpful to ...

Policy and Regulations

Performance-Based Planning

Designing for Operations

Regional ITS Architecture and ITS Strategic Plans

Systems Engineering and ITS Project Development

Livability and Sustainability

Traffic Signal Programs

Corridor Management

Active Transportation and Demand Management

Transportation Demand Management

Traffic Incident Management



Tool for Operations Benefit Cost Analysis (TOPS-BC)

As part of the USDOT Planning for Operations Initiative, the FHWA Office of Operations is pleased to make available Version 4.0 of the Tool for Operations Benefit-Cost Analysis (TOPS-BC V 4.0). TOPS-BC is a companion resource to FHWA's Operations Benefit / Cost Desk Reference. If you are already a TOPS-BC user, we recommend that you download Version 4.0 as there have been improvements made.

TOPS-BC is a sketch-planning level decision support tool developed by the FHWA Office of Operations. It is intended to provide support and guidance to transportation practitioners in the application of benefit/cost analysis (BCA) for a wide range of Transportation System Management and Operations (TSMO) strategies. The tool was developed based on guidance and input from planning and operations practitioners with the primary purpose to help in screening multiple TSMO strategies and for providing "order of magnitude" BCA estimates.

Although the tool contains default parameters, sketch methods for estimating impacts of investments (e.g., change in travel speeds or crashes), and procedures for monetizing those impacts, users are encouraged to use local data or data derived from more robust traffic, safety, or cost models. Even in these cases, however, TOPS-BC can be used to provide a framework for organizing and cataloging the various benefit and costs elements.

FHWA is continuing to develop products and provide technical assistance to practitioners in applying benefit-costs analysis for Transportation Systems Management and Information strategies. We have developed a compendium of real-world, sample BCA problems to illustrate a variety of BC analyses, data inputs, and outputs. We are also sponsoring work to evaluate benefits and costs of integrated corridor management, active transportation and demand management, work zone management, traffic incident management, and road weather management strategies. In addition, the USDOT ITS Joint Programs Office continues to maintain the ITS Benefits Costs, and Lessons Learned database.

The FHWA Office of Operations is also delivering workshops, webinars, and technical support for Operations BCA. We are also gathering suggestions so that additional strategies and other enhancements can be considered for the next update to TOPS-BC. In the meantime, we encourage users to experiment with the tool and add in any extensions that support their needs.

If you have questions or comments on the TOPS-BC tool, please contact Jim Hunt (, 202-680-2679) or Ralph Volpe (, 404-985-1268).

What's New in TOPS-BC Version 4.0

Some of the key updates included in the latest version of TOPS-BC are:

  • Three freight related strategies have been added or updated: 1) Electronic screening, credentialing and permitting systems (including weight-in-motion), 2) Real time traffic, truck parking and reservation systems, and 3) Off-Hours Delivery.
  • The costs for truck climbing lanes and truck-only lanes were revised for accuracy.
  • To display real time benefits and costs results on each spreadsheet as inputs are modified by the user, the tool was modified so users can track benefits, costs and the benefit cost ratio while changing the configuration of the model on different sheets in the tool.
  • All percent impacts used by TOPS across strategies are shown in a matrix and may be changed by the user.
  • To improve usefulness of the My Deployments page, users have the option to produce a printable report summarizing the BCA. The page is suitable for publication or inclusion in reports.


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