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Freight Mobility Trends and Highway Bottlenecks

Truck on urban interstate.

Source: FHWA

The Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) Office of Operations has created a Freight Mobility Trends Analysis Tool to present national freight statistics and identify freight highway bottlenecks on the Interstate System, National Highway System (NHS), National Highway Freight Network (NHFN), and Strategic Highway Network (STRAHNET). This page provides information on Freight Mobility Trends. 

Freight Mobility Trends Report

The Freight Mobility Trends Report provides high-level, national trends in freight mobility and assesses freight movement over a range of locations based on truck travel data:

  • Measures of freight mobility at the National, State, regional, or corridor level.
  • Freight mobility around major ports, intermodal facilities, and border crossings.
  • Identification of freight highway bottlenecks.

The Freight Mobility Trends Report uses vehicle probe-based travel time data from FHWA's National Performance Management Research Data Set (NPMRDS). The report is produced annually and compares data from the most recent year to the previous year.

New Publication 2019 Freight Mobility Trends Report

Freight Mobility Trends Tool

The FHWA Freight Mobility Trends Analysis Tool is an interactive dashboard that presents National freight statistics and identifies freight highway bottlenecks on the Interstate System, NHS, NHFN, and STRAHNET. This program uses a Freight Mobility Trends dashboard with indicators to assess freight movement based on truck travel data. The three dashboards are as follows:

Generic map of Eastern United States

Source: FHWA

Freight Highway Bottlenecks

The Freight Mobility Trends Analysis Tool was used to identify major freight highway bottlenecks and congested corridors based on annual truck-hours of delay per mile. Delay per mile is calculated for each Interstate segment using the NPMRDS travel time data. The delay per mile measure compares performance over the entire Interstate System and across all States for corridors of different lengths.

The following Freight Highway Bottleneck Reports list the top 100 Interstate bottlenecks and congested corridors in the United States. FHWA conducts this analysis on an annual basis to update the list, track trends, and gain insight into successful transportation management techniques to address congestion at major bottlenecks.

2020 National List of Major Freight Highway Bottlenecks and Congested Corridors (HTML, PDF 1.2MB)

2019 National List of Major Freight Highway Bottlenecks and Congested Corridors (HTML, PDF 656KB)

Sample map showing of the types of maps that are generated by the Tableau dashboard at the above link to National Freight Bottlenecks.

Source: FHWA

2018 National List of Major Freight Highway Bottlenecks and Congested Corridors (HTML, PDF 510KB)

This analysis uses delay per mile to assess bottlenecks over the entire Interstate System. Individual State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) and MPOs use a variety of bottleneck identification methods based upon their local traffic characteristics, infrastructure constraints, and impediments to efficient freight movement. These methods include congestion, delay, reliability, and truck-specific infrastructure restrictions. FHWA recommends reviewing individual State Freight Plans for State-specific bottleneck analysis.

Staff Contacts

Jeff Purdy

Office of Operations