Welcome to the FHWA Congestion Pricing Web Site
Impacts of Congestion Pricing on Low-Income Populations
This white paper documents examples of mitigation strategies implemented by agencies to analyze and measure the impacts of their pricing projects on low-income users of the transportation system.
Peer-To-Peer Carsharing: Short-term effects on travel behavior in Portland, OR
This report is a multiyear study of the peer-to-peer carsharing in Portland, Oregon relative to other models of car use.
Value Pricing Pilot Program Quarterly Report
The Value Pricing Pilot Program April – June 2017 Quarterly Report is now available.
San Francisco Parking Supply and Utilization Study
This report analyzed a diverse range of parking pricing and rebate strategies on vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and vehicle hours of delay (VHD) and showed that some strategies would be particularly effective reducing VMT and VHD, although parking pricing, unlike cordon pricing, would not curtail pass-through trips.
Congestion pricing - sometimes called value pricing - is a way of harnessing the power of the market to reduce the waste associated with traffic congestion. Congestion pricing recognizes that trips have different values at different times and places and for different individuals. Faced with premium charges during periods of peak demand, road users are encouraged to eliminate lower-valued trips, take them at a different time, or choose alternative routes or transport modes where available. In cases where congestion pricing is applied to specific traffic lanes rather than to an entire highway facility, users have the option of choosing to pay to use congestion-free priced lanes or continue to travel on general purpose lanes without paying a toll. There is a consensus among economists that congestion pricing represents the single most viable and sustainable approach to reducing traffic congestion.
This site provides information and resources to help equip state agencies and practitioners with an understanding and tools to implement congestion pricing projects and incorporate pricing into transportation planning.