National Highway Freight Network
What is the National Highway Freight Network?
The Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act) repealed both the Primary Freight Network and National Freight Network from Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21), and directed the FHWA Administrator to establish a National Highway Freight Network (NHFN) to strategically direct Federal resources and policies toward improved performance of highway portions of the U.S. freight transportation system.
The FAST Act also directed the FHWA Administrator prepare and submit to Congress a report that describes the conditions and performance of the NHFN biennially. The first Highway Freight Transportation Conditions and Performance Report is published as a standalone document and was also included in the 23rd edition of the Conditions and Performance report, which can be found here.
The NHFN includes the following subsystems of roadways:
The NHFN consists of the PHFS, other Interstate portions not on the PHFS, the CRFCs, and the CUFCs for an estimated total of 58,654 centerline miles.
States and in certain cases, Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs), are responsible for designating public roads for the CRFCs and CUFCs in accordance with section 1116 of the FAST Act and the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law section 11114. State designation of the CRFCs is limited to a maximum of 300 miles of highway or 20 percent of the PHFS mileage in the State, whichever is greater. State and MPO designation of the CUFC is limited to a maximum of 150 miles of highway or 10 percent of the PHFS mileage in the State, whichever is greater. In the case of rural states, as defined in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law section 11114, the mileage maximum increases to 600 miles for CRFCs or 20 percent of the PHFS mileage in the State, whichever is greater. For NHFN mileage by State, see the table found here.
Where is the NHFN?
Resources for accessing the NHFN data include
Designation/Re-Designation of the Primary Highway Freight System (PHFS)
The initial designation of the Primary Highway Freight System (PHFS) was set by the FAST Act as the 41,518 mile long network identified during the designation process for the MAP-21 highway-only primary freight network (PFN) under 23 U.S.C. 167(d). Information on the methodology and data used for the highway-only PFN designation is described in the October 23, 2015, Federal Register Notice — Final Designation of the Highway Primary Freight Network — Notice; response to comments [HTML, PDF 291KB]. The FHWA Administrator is required to re-designate the PHFS every 5 years to reflect changes in freight flows, including emerging freight corridors and critical commerce corridors. Each re-designation is limited to a maximum 3 percent increase in the total mileage of the system. Further guidance on input and factors for re-designation of the PHFS will be issued in the future.
The FAST Act included the entirety of the Interstate System—including Interstate facilities not located on the PHFS—in the NHFN; however, all Interstate System roadways may not yet be reflected on the attached national and state NHFN maps and tables.. FHWA will update the maps and tables on a periodic basis, incorporating any Interstate System routes missing currently, as well as those new roads added to the Interstate System that become part of the "non-PHFS Interstate System Highways" component of the NHFN under 23 U.S.C. 167(c)(2)(D).
In the interim, FHWA maintains an Interstate System Route Log and Finder. All Interstate System routes reflected in the Route Log and Finder are components of the NHFN, either as part of the PHFS (23 U.S.C. 167(c)(2)(A)) or non-PHFS Interstate System Highways (23 U.S.C. 167(c)(2)(D)). This resource depicts all Interstate System routes that will eventually be reflected in the forthcoming NHFN maps and tables.
If you are aware of a map or table with incorrect or outdated information, please contact the FHWA Office of Freight Management and Operations.
United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration