US Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration FHWA HomeFHWA Feedback
Ramp Management and Control Handbook - Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation

Over the last half century, the public’s increasing demand for fast, efficient, and convenient means of travel has resulted in greater use and dependency on existing transportation infrastructure, including freeways and their associated ramps, to meet their personal and/or business needs. This increasing demand has largely outpaced efforts to increase supply. Efforts to satisfy public demand for improved travel have instead shifted from of a philosophy of providing additional capacity to one of improving management and operations of existing transportation infrastructure. Born out of this philosophy was the implementation of policies, strategies and technologies to improve performance of freeway entrance and exit ramps. These policies, strategies, and technologies are better known as Ramp Management.

The over-riding objectives of Ramp Management are to minimize congestion (and its side effects), improve safety, and enhance overall mobility. This handbook provides guidance and recommended practices that help practitioners archive these objectives. The use or application of the guidance and recommendations provided in this handbook will serve to enhance the use and effectiveness of the ramp management and control strategies.

Although more comprehensive in scope, this handbook complements and describes in greater depth the issues and concepts specific to ramp management and control that were presented in Chapter 7 of the Freeway Management and Operations Handbook. The Freeway Management and Operations Handbook was released by the Federal Highway Administration in September 2003, and has been updated concurrently with this handbook to summarize the guidance presented in this handbook.


This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.

The United States Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade and manufacturers’ names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the object of the document.

Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.

Technical Report Documentation Page
Technical Report Documentation Page[D]
back to top
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Ramp Management and Control: Overview
Chapter 3: Ramp Management and the Traffic Management Program
Chapter 4: Preparing for Successful Operations
Chapter 5: Ramp Management Strategies
Chapter 6: Developing and Selecting Strategies and Plans
Chapter 7: Implementing Strategies and Plans
Chapter 8: Operation and Maintenance of Ramp Management Strategies
Chapter 9: Ramp Performance Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting
Chapter 10: Planning and Design Considerations
Chapter 11: Case Studies
 List of Tables
 List of Figures
PDF Document Download Adobe Acrobat Reader
FHWA Home | Feedback | Privacy Policy | Operations Home
FHWA      United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration