Lane Closure Policies
Many agencies have policy provisions that address specific aspects of decision-making during project delivery. Agencies may choose to develop and implement policy provisions in the form of mandated requirements and/or in the form of policy guidance, as appropriate to their individual operating environments. Several States have policy provisions for lane closures. These lane closure policies, or strategies, provide guidance in determining permitted lane closure times, which define what times of the day, week, or season a lane closure is allowed on a facility and at a specific location or segment.
Fact Sheet – Lane Closure Policies and Management Systems
This FHWA fact sheet defines lane closure policies and management systems. It provides examples of several states that have developed lane closure policies and systems to aid in the scheduling of work zones and to improve mobility by restricting lane closure hours during peak travel times and coordinating lane closures to manage combined impacts.
Lane Closure Policy Development, Enforcement, and Exceptions: A Survey of Seven State Transportation Agencies
This report (PDF 873KB) developed by the Center for Transportation Research and Education at Iowa State University examines the lane closure policies of several State DOTs.
Colorado Department of Transportation
Each Colorado DOT (CDOT) region has its own lane closure policy. While the CDOT methodology used to determine lane closure impacts is applied uniformly across all regions, the criteria and policies for closing lanes are region-specific. For example, daytime lane closures are prohibited in the Denver Metro area, but are allowed in more rural areas.
Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida DOT (FDOT) TMP chapter of the Plans Preparation Manual (PDF 648KB) provides information about lane closure requirements in 10.12.7. Each FDOT district maintains its own lane closure policy. The District 1 Lane Closure Policy (PDF 26KB) is available online. FDOT policy for all districts is that no lane closures in excess of one work day shall be permitted on Limited Access construction where only two traveled lanes in one direction exist. If it becomes necessary to have a long-term lane closure on a four lane Interstate, sufficient documentation shall be provided to the District Secretary for her/his approval. A separate lane closure policy exists for Florida's Turnpike (PDF 549KB), which prohibits all daytime lane closures unless it is approved in writing by the Deputy Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer.
Indiana Department of Transportation
The Indiana DOT has a lane closure policy for Interstate highways (PDF 1.2MB). It includes maps and tables that provide pre-approved lanes closure schedules which define the allowable times a lane(s) may be closed on Indiana's Interstate System. If the proposed closure exceeds the number of lanes permitted or falls outside of the times listed, a waiver to the policy must be submitted. No reduction of available lanes on an Interstate route may exceed 5 miles in a single direction (including taper) without a waiver.
Maryland State Highway Administration
The Maryland State Highway Administration (MDSHA) Lane Closure Analysis Guidelines (PDF 54KB) focus on mobility impacts. However, MDSHA recommends that safety impacts also be considered during the evaluation of lane closures. MDSHA can waive mandatory conditions contained in the guidelines upon approval by the Chief Engineer. Pages 6 and 7 include flow charts outlining the lane closure guidelines procedure for arterials and freeways.
New Jersey Department of Transportation
The New Jersey DOT (NJDOT) report, Development of Uniform Standards for Allowable Lane Closure (PDF 2.8MB), evaluates procedures for determining allowable lane closure hours to perform maintenance, construction, resurfacing, regional permit, and major access permit work on New Jersey State highways and develops a uniform process that considers the impacts of lane closures on traffic and productivity. QuickZone was used to analyze long term lane closures and the Rutgers Interactive Lane Closure Application tool was used to analyze short term lane closures.
Ohio Department of Transportation
The Ohio DOT (ODOT) requires that lane closures on Interstate and other freeways shall meet the minimum criteria presented in their Maintenance of Traffic Policy 516-003(P) (PDF 125KB). The Policy states that each ODOT District shall identify permitted lane closure schedules that define the allowable times a lane(s) may be closed on the Interstate/Freeway system within that District. ODOT has developed a Permitted Lane Closure web site with a search feature to enable searching for the hours of the day in which a lane closure is permitted at a subject work zone location.
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