Office of Operations
21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

Approaches to Target Setting for PM3 Measures

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United States Department of Transportation logo.

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Operations
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590


October 2022

Table of Contents

[ Notice and Quality Assurance Statement ] | [ Technical Report Documentation ] | [ SI Modern Metric Conversion Factors ]| [ List of Acronyms ]

Executive Summary

Chapter 1. Introduction


Purpose of the Report

Organization of the Report

Chapter 2. Targets and Performance-Based Planning and Programming

Overview of Transportation Performance Management

Overview of Performance-Based Planning and Programming

Federal Requirements for Target Setting

Benefits of Setting Targets to Agencies

Chapter 3. Challenges to Target Setting

Technical Challenges

Other Challenges

Chapter 4. Target Setting Approaches

Overview of Target Setting Approaches

Target Setting Example—Washington State Department of Transportation

Target Setting Example—North Carolina State Department of Transportation

Chapter 5. Resources for Target Setting

Data as a Resource

Models and Tools as Resources

Public and Stakeholder Resources

Peer Agencies as a Resource

List of Figures

Figure 1. Infographic. Federal Highway Administration performance management rulemaking.

Figure 2. Diagram. Transportation Performance Management framework.

Figure 3. Diagram. Target setting relationship to Transportation Performance Management components.

Figure 4. Flowchart. Framework for performance-based planning and programming.

Figure 5. Diagram. Overview of North Carolina Department of Transportation target setting process.

Figure 6. Graph. Percent of person-miles traveled on the Interstate that are reliable—trend and target ranges.

Figure 7. Graph. Percent of person-miles traveled on the non-Interstate National Highway System that are reliable—trend and target ranges.

Figure 8. Graph. Interstate truck travel time reliability—trend and target ranges.

Figure 9. Map. 2017 freight reliability measure map.

Figure 10. Graph. Urban and rural vehicle-miles traveled by system.

Figure 11. Graph. Recent trends—Annual hours of peak-hour excessive delay per capita for the Charlotte, North Carolina-South Carolina urbanized area.

List of Tables

Table 1. Washington Department of Transportation PM3 roadway system performance targets.

Table 2. North Carolina Department of Transportation PM3 roadway system performance targets.