Office of Operations Freight Management and Operations

FHWA Freight and Land Use Handbook

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U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Freight Management and Operations
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

Phone: 202-366-0408
Fax: 202-366-3225

Publication #: FHWA-HOP-12-006

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

April 2012

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

1.0 Background on Freight and Land Use

1.1 Purpose and Content

1.2 Why Should Freight be Considered in the Transportation and Land Use Planning Process?

1.3 Land Use and Transportation Planning Processes and Linkages

1.4 Public- and Private-Sector Stakeholders, Roles, and Needs

1.5 Freight and Land Use Trends and Issues

2.0 Freight as a Good Neighbor – Land Use, Transportation System, and Environmental Considerations

2.1 Purpose and Content

2.2 Appropriate and Coordinated Land Use Policies

2.3 Effective Transportation Systems and Services

2.4 Effective Operations and Management Policies

2.5 Education and Outreach

2.6 Putting it All Together

3.0 Freight Land Use and Sustainability

3.1 Purpose and Content

3.2 Freight and Land Use Sustainability Issues and Implications

3.3 Sustainable Freight Land Use Strategies

3.4 Summary and Conclusions

4.0 Accounting for the Impacts and Needs of Freight

4.1 Purpose and Content

4.2 Freight Carrier/Shipper Land Use Needs for Efficient and Safe Goods Movement

4.3 Tools and Actions to Address Freight Land Use Needs and Impacts

4.4 Putting It All Together

4.5 Conclusion

Appendix A Freight and Land Use Glossary


Appendix B Key Information Sources

List of Tables

1.1 Public-Sector Critical Freight and Land Use Issues

1.2 Private-Sector Critical Freight and Land Use Issues

2.1 Examples of Freight and Land Use Integration Strategies and Tools

2.2 Key Issues Illustrated within the Best Practice Review

2.3 City of Seattle Policies to Manage Urban Freight Operations

4.1 Key Issues Illustrated within the Best Practice Review

List of Figures

1.1 National Multimodal Freight Tonnage

1.2 Producer Price Index for Highway and Street Construction

1.3 A Sample Land Use Plan Showing Proposed Land Use Designations and Locations

1.4 Types of Zoning Codes

1.5 The Transportation Planning Process

1.6 Transportation Planning Factors and Relationship to Freight or Land Use

1.7 The Transportation Land Use Cycle

1.8 Relationships Between Transportation and Land Use Planning Processes

1.9 State, Regional, and Local Transportation and Land Use Planning Entities

1.10 Private-Sector Freight Stakeholder Types

2.1 Creating Buffers or Separation Between Industrial Land Uses and Other Land Uses

2.2 Creating Buffers between Industrial Land Uses and Other Land Uses

2.3 Flat-lens Lighting Fixtures

2.4 Residential Development Adjacent to Freight-Generating Land Use

2.5 Chicago’s Designated Industrial Corridors and Planned Manufacturing Districts

2.6 Geographic Distribution of Warehousing/ Distribution Centers in the Atlanta Region

3.1 Relationship of the Three Dimensions of Sustainability

3.2 U.S. Transportation-Sector GHG Emissions by Mode

3.3 Impact of Sea-Level Rise and Storm Surge on Rail Facilities in the Gulf Coast Region

3.4 Conceptual Site Plan for the Redevelopment of a Brownfield Site into a New Distribution Center Facility

4.1 Managed Curbside Loading Zone in New York City

4.2 Minimum Turning Radius Requirement for Interstate Semitrailers

4.3 When Truck and Rail Access Are Not Separated, Inefficiencies Can Impact Operations

4.4 The C-TIP Public Private Partnership Goal