Office of Operations
21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

Traffic Signal Management Plans

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United States Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Operations
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590


November 2015

An Objectives- and Performance-based Approach for Improving the Design Operations and Maintenance of Traffic Signal Systems

Table of Contents

[ Technical Report Documentation Page ] [ Notices ] [ SI* (Modern Metric) Conversion Factors ]

Executive Summary
Chapter 1. Purpose of this Guidebook
Good Basic Service and Program Reliability
The Objectives-Driven Process
Chapter 2. Operational Objectives and Performance
Factors to Consider in Selecting Measures
Chapter 3. How to Create the Traffic Signal Management Plan
Involve the Appropriate Stakeholders or Staff
Scale and Scope of the Document
Obtain Appropriate Levels of Approval
Chapter 4. Outline for Traffic Signal Management Plans
Executive Summary
Chapter 1 - Introduction and Background
Chapter 2 - Goals and Objectives
Chapter 3 - Maintenance
Chapter 4 - Operations
Chapter 5 - Design
Chapter 6 - Management and Administration
Chapter 7 - Interagency Communication & Collaboration
Chapter 8 - Action Plan
Appendix A. Performance Measurement Case Studies

List of Figures

Figure 1. Graphic. Would a traffic signal management plan be helpful for my agency?
Figure 2. Graphic. Relationships among agency documents
Figure 3. Graphic. Good basic service components
Figure 4. Graphic. Notable interactions needed to achieve good basic service.
Figure 5. Graphic. Goals, context, objectives, strategies, and tactics (GOST) pyramid.
Figure 6. Diagram. Planner and operator approaches to traffic signal management planning.
Figure 7. Diagram. Planner vs. operator goals, context, objectives, strategies, and tactics (GOST) perspective.
Figure 8. Diagram. Traffic signal management plan development flow chart
Figure 9. Diagram. Traffic signal management plan context diagram.
Figure 10. Diagram. High-level system concept diagram.
Figure 11. Map. Distribution of MAC Address Readers in Mesa, Arizona.
Figure 12. Map. Location of Ygnacio Valley Road, Walnut Creek.
Figure 13. Chart. Illustration of demand variation on Ygnacio Valley Road.
Figure 14. Chart. Sample analysis using Bluetooth and traffic volume data
Figure 15. Graph. Sample BlueToad™ travel time report for Ygnacio Valley Road
Figure 16. Diagram. Sample Purdue Coordination Diagram.
Figure 17. Diagram. Corridor arrival on green report.
Figure 18. Graph. Using arrivals on green for optimization of offsets.
Figure 19. Graph. Termination monitor report.
Figure 20. Graph. Split monitor report.
Figure 21. Graph. Phase termination by max-out at night.
Figure 22. Graph. Split monitor helped identify problem.
Figure 23. Graph. Split monitor shows problem cleared.

List of Tables

Table 1. Typical outcome performance measures
Table 2. Summary of performance measure case studies
Table 3. Output performance measures
Table 4. Outcome performance measures
Table 5. Example agency transportation goals
Table 6. Example agency transportation plan policies
Table 7. Example traffic signal management objectives
Table 8. Example traceability between goals, objectives and strategies
Table 9. Performance measures used in traffic signal management plans
Table 10. Example proactive maintenance tactics
Table 11. Example reactive maintenance tactics
Table 12. Example administrative maintenance tactics
Table 13. Example maintenance implementation verification metrics
Table 14. Example system efficiency tactics
Table 15. Example signal coordination tactics
Table 16. Example multimodal safety and efficiency tactics
Table 17. Example intersection efficiency tactics
Table 18. Example regional coordination and compatibility tactics
Table 19. Example operations implementation verification metrics
Table 20. Example operations support tactics
Table 21. Example maintenance support tactics
Table 22. Example multimodal accommodation tactics
Table 23. Example regional coordination and compatibility tactics
Table 24. Example design management tactics
Table 25. Example operations implementation verification metrics
Table 26. Example personnel tactics
Table 27. Example interdepartmental coordination tactics
Table 28. Example budgeting and programming tactics
Table 29. Example customer service tactics
Table 30. Example management and administration implementation verification metrics
Table 31. Sample traffic signal management plan action plan
Office of Operations