Office of Operations
21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

Traffic Signal Management Plans


Balke, K. and A. Voigt, NCHRP Synthesis 420: Operational and Institutional Agreements That Facilitate Regional Traffic Signal Operations, Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 2011.

Bullock, D., R. Clayton, J. Mackey, S. Misgen, A. Stevens, J. Sturdevant and M. Taylor, "Automated Traffic Signal Performance Measures, Helping Traffic Engineers Manage Data to Make Better Decisions," ITE Journal, 84, No 3,(2014): 33-39., "Performance Metrics and Measures" Web page, Available at:

Day, C. M., D. M. Bullock, H. Li, S. M. Remias, A. M. Hainen, R. S. Freije, A. L. Stevens, J. R. Sturdevant, and T. M. Brennan, Performance Measures for Traffic Signal Systems: An Outcome-Oriented Approach. Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 2014. doi: 10.5703/1288284315333.

FHWA. Improving Traffic Signal Management and Operations: A Basic Service Model, FHWA‐HOP‐09‐055 (Washington DC: FHWA, 2009).

FHWA, Operations Performance Measures: The Foundation for Performance-Based Management of Transportation Operations Programs, FHWA-HOP-12-018 (Washington, DC: FHWA, 2012). Available at:

FHWA, Measures of Effectiveness and Validation Guidance for Adaptive Signal Control Technologies, FHWA-HOP-13-031 (Washington, DC: FHWA, 2013). Available at:

FHWA, Office of Operations, "Operations Performance Measurement Program" Web site, Available at: Accessed September 2015.

NTOC, 2012 National Traffic Signal Report Card, Technical Report, National Transportation Operations Coalition: FHWA, ITE, AASHTO, ITS America, APWA, IMSA, (Washington DC: ITE, 2012).

Pack, M. and N. Ivanov, NCHRP Synthesis 460: Sharing Operations Data Among Agencies: A Synthesis of Highway Practice, Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 2014.

Walnut Creek, General Plan 2025, (City of Walnut Creek, CA: April 2006).

Office of Operations