Border-Wide Assessment of Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Technology—Current and Future Concepts
Contact Information: Operations Feedback at OperationsFeedback@dot.gov.
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Operations
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
Toll-Free "Help Line" (866) 367-7487
This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.
The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers’ names may appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.
Quality Assurance Statement
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.
Technical Report Documentation Page
|1. Report No.
|2. Government Accession No.||3. Recipient's Catalog No.|
|4. Title and Subtitle
Border-Wide Assessment of Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Technology—Current and Future Concepts -
|5. Report Date
|6. Performing Organization Code
Rajat Rajbhandari, Juan Villa, Roberto Macias, William Tate
|8. Performing Organization Report No.|
|9. Performing Organization Name and Address
Texas Transportation Institute
Battelle Memorial Institute
|10. Work Unit No.|
|11. Contract or Grant No.
|12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
|13. Type of Report and Period Covered
Final Report covering 8/27/2010 to 2/28/2012
|14. Sponsoring Agency Code|
|15. Supplementary Notes|
The purpose of this effort was to conduct a border-wide assessment of the use of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) technologies and operational concepts at and near land border crossings between the U.S. and Mexico. The work focused on tolling, traffic management and operations, and safety. The specific objectives of this project were to research, assess and document how ITS technologies can be used in areas of:
|17. Key Words
Border, Technology, Intelligent Transportation System
|18. Distribution Statement
|19. Security Classif.
(of this report)
|20. Security Classif.
(of this page)
|21. No. of Pages
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized
Table of Contents
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- Scan Assessment Key Findings
- Workshop 1 Findings
- Workshop 2 Findings
- CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
- CHAPTER 2. CROSS-BORDER COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE VEHICLE PROCESSES
- Border-Crossing Process at the U.S.-Mexico Border
- Technology at Land Ports of Entry
- CHAPTER 3. TOLLING IN BORDER REGIONS
- Transaction Processing (Interoperability, Charging, Collections)
- U.S.-Mexico and U.S.-Canada Bi-National Tolling Implementation Approaches
- Tolling Overview in Texas beyond the Border
- Methods of Toll Collection
- Toll Rate Determination Based on Time of Day and Congestion Levels
- Coordination of Toll Rates between Operators on Opposite Sides of Borders and Supporting Agreements
- In-Lane and Post-Event Enforcement Strategies for Drivers Avoiding Tolls
- Accepted Currency for Manual Payment Facilities
- Transaction Processing (Interoperability, Charging, Collections)
- CHAPTER 4. TRANSPORTATION OPERATIONS AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT AND ENFORCEMENT
- Transportation Operations
- Level of Data Sharing and Integration with Mexican Partners
- Technology Used for Inspecting, Weighing, and Screening to Increase Efficiency
- Technology Being Deployed or Proposed to Improve Border-Crossing Time by CBP
- Planned Special Events at and around Border Crossings
- Real-Time Incident Management at and around Border Crossings
- Disaster Preparedness, Response, and Recovery
- Traffic Management
- Transportation Operations
- CHAPTER 5. TRAVELER INFORMATION AND ARCHIVED DATA MANAGEMENT
- Traveler Information
- Archived Data Management
- CHAPTER 6. INVENTORY OF ITS PROJECTS ON THE U.S.-MEXICO BORDER REGIONS
- Projects under Construction
- Projects Being Procured
- Projects under Consideration
- ITS Projects under Development in Mexico
- National Strategic Plan for Planning, Developing, and Implementing ITSs in Mexico
- Development Plan for Updating Processes, Standards, and ITS Protocols
- Development of the Traveler Information System (INFOVIAJE)
- Strategic Plan for the Modernization and Improvement of the Electronic Toll Collection System
- CHAPTER 7. WORKSHOP ORGANIZATION AND FINDINGS
- CHAPTER 8. CONCLUSIONS
- APPENDIX A: FIRST BORDER-WIDE ITS WORKSHOP
- APPENDIX B: SECOND BORDER-WIDE ITS WORKSHOP
List of Tables
- Table 1. SENTRI border crossings.
- Table 2. General characteristics of U.S.-Mexico border crossings.
- Table 3. Top 10 busiest border crossings on the U.S.-Canada border.
- Table 4. Toll agencies with active toll roads in Texas (excluding border crossings).
- Table 5. Method of toll collection at U.S.-Mexico tolled border crossings.
- Table 6. Method of toll collection at U.S.-Canada tolled border crossings.
- Table 7. Direction of tolling at U.S.-Canada border crossings.
- Table 8. Candidate ITS standards for the Border Wait-Time Project on the U.S.-Canada border.
- Table 9. Land POE technologies and their use in traffic screening and border crossing programs.
- Table 10. Method of communication and use of ITS to inform motorists for planned special events.
- Table 11. Roles and responsibilities of various local, State, and Federal agencies for real-time incident management.
- Table 12. Method of communication and use of ITS to inform motorists for incident management.
- Table 13. Use of ITS by border agencies for disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.
- Table 14. List of technology implementations to measure volume, wait times, and crossing times at various border crossings.
- Table 15. Basic operations theory of various vehicle detection technologies.
- Table 16. Strengths and weaknesses of commercially available vehicle detection technologies.
- Table 17. Traffic output data (typical), communications bandwidth, and cost of commercially available vehicle detectors.
- Table 18. Annualized per-lane sensor cost comparison to instrument a six-lane freeway sensor station.
- Table 19. Existing and planned deployment of traffic management centers in cities around various border crossings.
- Table 20. Existing and future interface between agencies in the U.S. and Mexico in the ITS architecture for individual regions.
- Table 21. Deployment of VMSs by agencies for the purpose of relaying information about border crossings.
- Table 22. Use of social networking sites, e-mail, and mobile devices by agencies to relay border crossing and wait times.
- Table 23. Use of social networking site Twitter by agencies to relay border crossing and wait times.
- Table 24. Use of Web sites by agencies to relay traffic conditions around border crossings.
- Table 25. Use of social networking sites, email, and mobile devices by agencies to relay traffic conditions around border crossings.
- Table 26. Use of archived border-crossing data by agencies.
- Table 27. Type and scope of commercial vehicle border-crossing-related data available from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
- Table 28. Type and scope of passenger vehicle border-crossing-related data available from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
- Table 29. Type and scope of transit and pedestrian border-crossing-related data available from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
- Table 30. Type and scope of border-crossing-related data currently archived.
List of Figures
- Figure 1. Flowchart describing overall framework for conducting the border-wide assessment.
- Figure 2. Flowchart depicting the commercial vehicle border-crossing process from Mexico to the United States.
- Figure 3. Photograph showing overhead antenna used in the SENTRI program (4).
- Figure 4. Photograph showing RFID card reader used in the SENTRI program (4).
- Figure 5. Diagram describing Mexican toll road concessionaires, operators, integrators and customer service centers.
- Figure 6. Photograph depicting technologies implemented at the CBP compound in the Bridge of the Americas.
- Figure 7. Flowchart describing proposed ITS operations at the Tijuana border region.
- Figure 8. Screen Snapshots of the San Diego-area 5-1-1 system.
- Figure 9. Screen snapshots of the planned nationwide 5-1-1 traveler information system in Mexico.
- Figure 10. Diagram depicting the proposed centralized repository of archived border-crossing data.
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
|AASHTO||American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials|
|ACE||Automated Cargo Environment|
|ACE/ITDS||Automated Commercial Environment/International Trade Data System|
|ACM||Automatic Coin Machine|
|ADOT||Arizona Department of Transportation|
|ADOT/MVD||Arizona Department of Transportation – Motor Vehicle Division|
|ALPR||Automatic License Plate Recognition|
|ASTM||American Society of Testing and Materials|
|ATA||American Trucking Associations|
|ATI||Alliance for Toll Interoperability|
|ATIS||Advanced Traveler Information Systems|
|AVC||Automatic Vehicle Classification|
|AVI||Automatic Vehicle Identification|
|BANOBRAS||Banco Nacional de Obras y Servicios Públicos|
|BCC||Border Crossing Card|
|BCIS||Border Crossing Information System|
|BCMoT||British Columbia Ministry of Transportation|
|BOTA||Bridge of the Americas|
|BSIF||Border Safety Inspection Facility|
|BTS||Bureau of Transportation Statistics|
|BWT||Border Wait Time|
|Caltrans||California Department of Transportation|
|CAPUFE||Caminos y Puentes Federales de Ingresos y Servicios Conexos|
|CBP||Customs and Border Protection|
|CBSA||Canada Border Services Agency|
|CCRMA||Cameron County Regional Mobility Authority|
|CCSP||Certified Cargo Screening Program|
|CCTV||Closed Circuit Television|
|CHP||California Highway Patrol|
|ConOps||Concept of Operations|
|CSC||Customer Service Center|
|C-TIP||Cross-Town Improvement Program|
|C-TPAT||Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism|
|CTRMA||Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority|
|CVII||Commercial Vehicle Infrastructure Integration|
|CVISN||Commercial Vehicle Information Systems and Networks|
|DCL||Dedicated Commuter Lane|
|DHS||Department of Homeland Security|
|DMA||Dynamic Mobility Applications|
|DMV||Department of Motor Vehicles|
|DPS||Department of Public Safety|
|DSRC||Dedicated Short-Range Communications|
|EBTC||Eastern Border Transportation Coalition|
|EETS||European Electronic Toll Service|
|EMC||Emergency Management Center|
|EMS||Emergency Medical Services|
|EOC||Emergency Operations Center|
|EPA||Environmental Protection Agency|
|EPIC||Expedited Processing at International Crossings|
|EPS||Electronic Payment Services|
|EPSNIS||Electronic Payment Services National Interoperability Specification|
|ETC||Electronic Toll Collection|
|FARAC||Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Rescate de Autopistas Concesionadas|
|FAST||Free and Secure Trade|
|FBCTRA||Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority|
|FCC||Federal Communications Commission|
|FDA||Food and Drug Administration|
|FEMA||Federal Emergency Management Agency|
|FHWA||Federal Highway Administration|
|FMCSA||Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration|
|GIS||Geographic Information System|
|GPS||Global Positioning System|
|GSA||General Services Administration|
|GSM||Global System for Mobile Communications|
|GUTSA||Gutsa Construcciones, S.A. de C.V.|
|HAR||Highway Advisory Radio|
|HCTRA||Harris County Toll Road Authority|
|HGV||Heavy Goods Vehicle|
|HID||Hughes Identification Devices Global Inc.|
|HOT||High Occupancy Toll|
|HOV||High Occupancy Vehicle|
|IAVE||Identificación Automatica Vehicular|
|IBC e-Screening||International Border Crossing Electronic Screening|
|IBI||IBI Group (Company)|
|IBIS||Interagency Border Inspection System|
|IBWC||International Boundary and Water Commission|
|ICA||Ingenieros Civiles Asociados|
|IMIP||Instituto Municipal de Investigación y Planeación|
|IMTC||International Mobility and Trade Corridor|
|INDABIN||Instituto de Administración y Avalúos de Bienes Nacionales|
|INNP||Interoperability Network Pilot Program|
|INTEGRA||Integra Corporation of Mexico|
|ISM||Industrial, Scientific, and Medical|
|ISO||International Organization for Standardization|
|IAG||E-ZPass Interagency Group|
|ITE||Institute of Transportation Engineers|
|ITS||Intelligent Transportation System|
|IVAG||Imperial Valley Association of Governments|
|LPI||License Plate Interoperability|
|MAC||Media Access Control|
|MAGs||Installed Digital Magnetometers|
|MARHNOS||Marhnos Engineering and Construction (Company)|
|MCES||Motor Carrier Efficiency Study|
|MDOT||Michigan Department of Transportation|
|MDT||Montana Department of Transportation|
|MPO||Metropolitan Planning Organization|
|MTO||Ministry of Transportation of Ontario|
|MTQ||Ministère des Transports du Quebec|
|NAFTA||North American Free Trade Agreement|
|NEMA||National Electrical Manufacturers Association|
|NFBC||Niagara Falls Bridge Commission|
|NITTEC||Niagara International Transportation Technology Coalition|
|NMBA||New Mexico Border Authority|
|NMDOT||New Mexico Department of Transportation|
|NTCIP||National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol|
|NTMI||New Technology Management, Inc. (Company)|
|NTTA||North Texas Tollway Authority|
|NYDOT||New York State Department of Transportation|
|NYSTA||New York State Thruway Authority|
|OCACSA||Operación y Conservación de Autopistas Concesionadas|
|OCR||Optical Character Recognition|
|OME||Otay Mesa East|
|ORT||Open Road Tolling|
|PDN-RMIS||Paso Del Norte Regional Mobility Information System|
|PeMS||Performance Monitoring System|
|POE||Port of Entry|
|PSE||Planned Special Event|
|QNA||QinetiQ North America (Company)|
|QWS||Queue Warning System|
|REPUVE||Registro Público Vehicular|
|RFID||Radio Frequency Identification|
|RFP||Request for Proposals|
|RSS||Real Simple Syndicate|
|RTMS||Remote Traffic Microwave Sensor|
|SAAQ||Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec|
|SANDAG||San Diego Association of Governments|
|SCT||Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes|
|SDMS||Short Data Message Set|
|Sentrillion||(Company, formerly New Technology Management, Inc.)|
|SENTRI||Secure Electronic Network for Travelers Rapid Inspection|
|SIMEX||SIMEX Integracion de Sistemas, S.A.|
|SNS||Social Networking Site|
|SOA||Service Oriented Architecture|
|SOV||Single Occupancy Vehicle|
|TDMA||Time Division Multiple Access|
|TGT||Turnpike Global Technologies|
|THALES||Thales Group (Company)|
|TMC||Traffic Management Center|
|TMDD||Traffic Management Data Dictionary|
|TOC||Traffic Operation Center|
|TRMI||TRMI Systems Integration (Company)|
|TSA||Transportation Security Administration|
|TTA||Texas Turnpike Authority|
|TTI||Texas Transportation Institute|
|TxDOT||Texas Department of Transportation|
|USDOT||United States Department of Transportation|
|VES||Violation Enforcement System|
|VHF||Very High Frequency|
|VIP||Video Image Processing|
|VMS||Variable Message Sign|
|VWI||Vehicle Waveform Identification|
|WCOG||Whatcom Council of Governments|
|WebEOC||Web-Based Emergency Operations Center|
|WED||Western Economic Diversification Canada|
|WHTI||Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative|
|WSDOT||Washington State Department of Transportation|
|XML||Extensible Markup Language|