Office of Operations
21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

Efficient Use of Highway Capacity Summary
Report to Congress

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Table of Contents

Foreword

Notice | Quality Assurance Statement | Metric Conversion Factors | Technical Report Documentation Page

Executive Summary
Chapter 1: Background
Scope and Purpose
Document Overview
Intended Audiences and Uses
The Planning Framework and Shoulder Use
     The Transportation Plan
     The Transportation Improvement Program
     Planning Process Elements
     Developing the Transportation Plan with Shoulder Use in Mind
     Project Design
Chapter Summary
Chapter 2: Context and Findings
Congestion Management and Mitigation
     Managed Lanes
     Active Traffic Management
Shoulder Use—The European Experience
     Plus Lane
     Junction Control
Shoulder Lanes—The American Experience
     Bus on Shoulders
     Dedicated Shoulder Lanes
     Priced Dynamic Shoulder Lanes
Hurricane Evacuation Routes
Complementary ATM Strategies
     Speed Harmonization
     Junction Control
Chapter Summary
Chapter 3: Critical Issues
Design
     Treatment at Interchanges
     Drainage
     Emergency Refuge Areas
     Rumble Strips
     Safety Studies
     ITS Components
Traffic Control Devices
Pavement Markings
Performance
     Operations
     Safety
Maintenance
Enforcement
Incident Response
Training
Costs
Liability Issues
Legal Issues
Public Outreach and Education
NCHRP/AASHTO/FHWA Domestic Scan
Chapter Summary
Chapter 4: Case Studies
Case Study: The Netherlands—Temporary Shoulder Use and Speed Harmonization

Overview
Project Conceptualization
Facility Management
Technologies Deployed
Performance of System

Case Study: Germany—Temporary Hard Shoulder Use and Speed Harmonization

Overview
Project Conceptualization
Facility Management
Technologies Deployed
Performance of System

Case Study: Great Britain—Temporary Shoulder Use System

Overview
Project Conceptualization
Facility Management
Technologies Deployed
Performance of System

Case Study: Virginia—I-66 Temporary Shoulder and HOV Lanes

Overview
Project Conceptualization
Facility Management
Performance of System

Case Study: Minnesota—Priced Dynamic Shoulder Lanes

Overview
Project Conceptualization
Facility Management
Technologies Deployed
Performance of System

Case Study: Massachusetts—Shoulder Lane Use

Overview
Project Conceptualization
Facility Management
Technologies Deployed
Performance of System

Case Study: Washington—State Route 2, Temporary Shoulder Use

Overview
Project Conceptualization
Facility Management
Technologies Deployed
Performance of System

Chapter 5: Final Remarks
Acknowledgements
Bibliography
Appendix A: Interview Questions for Agency Representatives
Contact Information
List of Figures and Tables

Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE
Washington, DC 20590

November 2010

Publication # FHWA-HOP-10-023

Office of Operations