Operations Performance Measurement Program
photos of traffic merging on a multi-level freeway interchange, traffic near a construction zone, variable message sign, train at a crossing, traffic on a river bridge, and a rural highway
21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

UCR July 2017-September 2017 (FY 2017, Q4)

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A Snapshot of Year-to-Year Congestion Trends in the U.S. for July 2017 through September 2017.

Congested Hours

Congested Hours comparison: 4:07 in 2017 and 4:34 in 2016. 2017 is a blue downward arrow indicating the general trend is for improving conditions.

-27 minutes
Average duration of daily congestion

Travel Time Index

Travel Time Index comparison: 1.29 in 2017 and 1.35 in 2016. 2017 is a blue downward arrow indicating the general trend is for improving conditions.

-6 point
Peak period vs. off-peak travel times

Planning Time Index

Planning Time Index comparison: 2.02 in 2017 and 2.56 in 2016. 2017 is a blue downward arrow indicating the general trend is for improving conditions.

-54 points
Unreliability (variability) of travel

2017 performance measures use NPMRDS v2 data with 2015 volumes.

U.S. map graphic showing each of the 52 metropolitan statistical areas identified with a dot of differing size and color relative to their improving or worsening conditions.
Graphic showing the summary of nationwide trends. 31 of the 52 cities (60%) showed improvements in all three measures; 1 of the 52 cities (2%) showed worsening conditions in all three measures; and 20 of the 52 cities (38%) had no change or mixed results among the three measures.
City (MSA) Congested Hours * Travel Time Index * Planning Time Index * % Complete Data
2017 Change from 2016 2017 Change from 2016 2017 Change from 2016
Atlanta, GA 4:47 +0:22 1.34 +2 2.20 -14 96%
Austin, TX 4:54 -0:17 1.37 -5 2.14 -57 96%
Baltimore, MD 6:19 +0:43 1.25 +1 2.03 -23 95%
Birmingham, AL 2:01 +1:25 1.10 +5 1.60 +29 99%
Boston, MA 5:11 -1:14 1.31 -5 2.07 -65 96%
Buffalo, NY 4:33 -0:43 1.13 -2 1.60 -36 90%
Charlotte, NC 3:16 -0:19 1.19 -2 1.83 -34 98%
Chicago, IL 5:37 -2:24 1.35 -4 2.18 -22 98%
Cincinnati, OH 3:01 -0:06 1.19 +2 1.81 -13 98%
Cleveland, OH 2:26 +0:01 1.13 -1 1.58 -31 97%
Columbus, OH 2:35 -0:22 1.14 -2 1.65 -28 95%
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX 4:15 -1:54 1.26 -9 2.02 -96 94%
Denver, CO 6:18 -0:34 1.35 -1 2.20 -55 97%
Detroit, MI 3:20 -0:41 1.19 -3 1.87 -53 96%
Hartford, CT 2:41 +0:05 1.12 -1 1.55 -25 94%
Houston, TX 5:27 -0:17 1.27 -9 2.15 -59 93%
Indianapolis, IN 2:14 -0:37 1.13 0 1.57 -9 96%
Jacksonville, FL 3:11 -0:18 1.16 -1 1.71 -51 96%
Kansas City, MO 2:59 -0:06 1.12 0 1.60 -27 94%
Las Vegas, NV 3:28 -0:19 1.20 +3 1.73 -20 98%
Los Angeles, CA 9:10 +0:05 1.65 -3 2.69 -73 97%
Louisville, KY 1:56 -1:08 1.09 -7 1.47 -69 96%
Memphis, TN 2:37 -1:16 1.11 -12 1.54 -43 98%
Miami, FL 5:55 +0:20 1.31 0 2.18 -40 96%
Milwaukee, WI 3:27 -0:35 1.19 -3 1.78 -33 97%
Minn.-St. Paul, MN 5:07 -0:58 1.29 -2 2.04 -46 96%
Nashville, TN 2:47 -0:05 1.20 +2 1.87 -5 97%
New Orleans, LA 3:53 -0:19 1.17 -1 1.82 -59 96%
New York, NY 6:45 -2:20 1.31 -4 2.09 -50 95%
Oklahoma City, OK 1:59 -0:18 1.09 -2 1.48 -32 96%
Orlando, FL 3:48 -0:04 1.20 +2 1.82 -15 96%
Philadelphia, PA 4:46 -0:56 1.22 0 1.79 -29 96%
Phoenix, AZ 2:14 -0:58 1.19 -4 1.67 -71 97%
Pittsburgh, PA 3:52 -0:55 1.14 -2 1.61 -50 94%
Portland, OR 7:05 -0:44 1.48 -3 2.53 -66 96%
Providence, RI 4:12 -0:46 1.13 -3 1.62 -37 94%
Raleigh, NC 1:55 -0:24 1.14 -1 1.74 -18 98%
Richmond, VA 2:05 +0:04 1.07 +1 1.37 -15 97%
Riverside-San Bern., CA 4:20 -0:22 1.24 0 1.80 -20 100%
Rochester, NY 2:32 -0:29 1.08 -1 1.42 -23 92%
Sacramento, CA 4:08 -0:01 1.22 -5 1.83 -36 98%
Salt Lake City, UT 3:16 +0:09 1.20 +3 1.83 -7 98%
San Antonio, TX 3:13 -0:13 1.18 -3 1.75 -34 98%
San Diego, CA 4:20 +0:17 1.31 +3 2.10 -43 97%
San Francisco, CA 6:30 -0:44 1.44 -6 2.33 -74 98%
San Jose, CA 5:13 -0:18 1.38 -9 2.20 -91 96%
San Juan, PR 4:18 +0:47 1.40 -9 1.88 -147 50%
Seattle, WA 6:59 -0:53 1.48 +7 2.40 -39 94%
St. Louis, MO 2:08 -1:12 1.09 -7 1.47 -64 95%
Tampa, FL 2:59 +0:07 1.21 +1 1.88 -29 95%
Virginia Beach, VA 5:15 -0:42 1.21 -2 1.90 -60 96%
Washington, DC 6:53 -0:32 1.37 -8 2.25 -71 96%

Notes:
Blue bolded values (with - sign) indicate improving conditions; red italics (with + sign) indicate worsening conditions.
Comparison of 2017 to 2016 is for the same three-month period (July - September). % Complete Data compares the reported congestion data for that MSA to what should have been available for the designated roads and time periods.
*2017 performance measures use NPMRDS v2 data with 2015 volumes.

For More Information

Please contact Rich Taylor at rich.taylor@dot.gov.

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