Operations Performance Measurement Program
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21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

UCR April 2016-June 2016 (FY 2016, Q3)

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A Snapshot of Year-to-Year Congestion Trends in the U.S. for April 2016 through June 2016.

Congested Hours

Congested Hours comparison: 4:40 in 2016 and 4:29 in 2015. 2016 is a red upward arrow indicating the general trend is for declining conditions.

+11 minutes
Average duration of daily congestion

Travel Time Index

Travel Time Index comparison: 1.36 in 2016 and 1.34 in 2015. 2016 is a red upward arrow indicating the general trend is for declining conditions.

+2 point
Peak period vs. off-peak travel times

Planning Time Index

Planning Time Index comparison: 2.65 in 2016 and 2.61 in 2015. 2016 is a red upward arrow indicating the general trend is for declining conditions.

+4 points
Unreliability (variability) of travel

Performance measures have been updated using the most recently available (2013) national volumes.

U.S. map graphic showing each of the 52 metropolitan statistical areas identified with a dot of differing size and color relative to their improving or worsening conditions.
Graphic showing the summary of nationwide trends. 4 of the 52 cities (8%) showed improvements in all three measures; 25 of the 52 cities (48%) showed worsening conditions in all three measures; and 23 of the 52 cities (44%) had no change or mixed results among the three measures.
April 2016 through June 2016 Quarterly Urban Congestion Report
City (MSA) Congested Hours * Travel Time Index * Planning Time Index * % Complete Data
2016 Change from 2015 2016 Change from 2015 2016 Change from 2015
Atlanta, GA 4:23 +0:16 1.33 +3 2.42 +5 97%
Austin, TX 5:12 -0:02 1.46 +5 2.89 -1 98%
Baltimore, MD 5:52 +0:09 1.27 +1 2.42 +1 96%
Birmingham, AL 0:41 +0:04 1.04 +1 1.35 0 97%
Boston, MA 6:28 +0:18 1.42 0 2.86 -8 94%
Buffalo, NY 5:26 -0:04 1.15 0 2.02 +10 87%
Charlotte, NC 4:01 +0:36 1.25 +4 2.25 +4 99%
Chicago, IL 7:49 +0:18 1.42 0 2.46 -10 97%
Cincinnati, OH 2:54 -0:45 1.17 -2 1.95 -3 98%
Cleveland, OH 2:25 -0:16 1.13 -1 1.90 -4 96%
Columbus, OH 2:58 +0:21 1.15 +1 1.94 +6 96%
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX 6:17 +0:12 1.36 +2 3.10 +20 97%
Denver, CO 6:40 -0:41 1.36 -1 2.76 -14 93%
Detroit, MI 4:22 +0:30 1.30 +9 2.65 +22 95%
Hartford, CT 3:10 +0:21 1.15 0 2.00 +3 95%
Houston, TX 6:05 +0:08 1.38 -2 3.07 -1 97%
Indianapolis, IN 3:07 +0:38 1.13 +2 1.65 +9 96%
Jacksonville, FL 3:45 +0:14 1.17 +2 2.27 +22 96%
Kansas City, MO 3:18 0:00 1.13 0 1.96 +5 95%
Las Vegas, NV 4:14 +0:43 1.20 +3 2.15 +18 96%
Los Angeles, CA 8:54 +0:21 1.67 +8 3.47 +4 97%
Louisville, KY 3:28 +0:31 1.16 0 2.32 +21 96%
Memphis, TN 4:53 +1:03 1.21 +2 2.06 +11 97%
Miami, FL 5:35 +0:32 1.32 +2 2.69 +7 96%
Milwaukee, WI 3:54 +0:25 1.22 +1 2.17 +11 95%
Minn.-St. Paul, MN 5:57 +0:06 1.35 +1 2.72 +8 91%
Nashville, TN 2:55 -0:10 1.17 -2 2.00 +3 95%
New Orleans, LA 4:29 +0:03 1.21 +3 2.50 +2 95%
New York, NY 8:51 -0:20 1.37 0 2.71 -2 92%
Oklahoma City, OK 2:23 -0:11 1.11 -2 1.85 +1 98%
Orlando, FL 3:57 +0:28 1.18 +2 2.15 +22 98%
Philadelphia, PA 5:47 +0:50 1.24 +1 2.18 -4 94%
Phoenix, AZ 3:09 -0:07 1.21 -1 2.34 +9 95%
Pittsburgh, PA 4:40 +0:12 1.17 +1 2.13 +3 92%
Portland, OR 7:39 +0:07 1.50 0 3.26 +6 92%
Providence, RI 5:08 +0:15 1.17 0 2.09 +9 91%
Raleigh, NC 2:31 +0:22 1.15 +3 1.95 +12 98%
Richmond, VA 2:02 -0:02 1.06 -1 1.51 -2 94%
Riverside-San Bern., CA 5:03 -0:09 1.24 0 1.93 -6 99%
Rochester, NY 3:06 +0:27 1.09 +1 1.77 +13 89%
Sacramento, CA 4:26 +0:23 1.26 +2 2.23 +1 98%
Salt Lake City, UT 3:08 +0:06 1.16 +1 1.89 -2 97%
San Antonio, TX 3:29 +0:03 1.20 +2 2.17 +2 98%
San Diego, CA 4:05 +0:03 1.28 +4 2.62 +15 96%
San Francisco, CA 7:19 +0:16 1.52 +3 3.28 +7 97%
San Jose, CA 5:34 +0:16 1.47 +5 3.21 0 96%
San Juan, PR 3:17 +0:05 1.46 0 2.90 +33 65%
Seattle, WA 7:24 -0:03 1.41 0 2.88 +9 91%
St. Louis, MO 3:42 +0:14 1.17 +1 2.21 +6 98%
Tampa, FL 3:03 +0:16 1.23 +1 2.24 -6 97%
Virginia Beach, VA 6:03 +0:05 1.25 +1 2.63 +1 94%
Washington, DC 7:40 -0:02 1.54 +5 3.23 +7 95%

Notes:
Blue bolded values (with sign) indicate improving conditions; red italics (with + sign) indicate worsening conditions.
Comparison of 2016 to 2015 is for the same three-month period (April - June).
% Complete Data compares the reported congestion data for that MSA to what should have been available for the designated roads and time periods.
*Performance measures have been updated using the most recently available (2013) national volumes.

For More Information

Please contact Rich Taylor at rich.taylor@dot.gov.

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