Freight Facts and Figures 2008
Table 1-2. Population and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by Region: 1980-2007
Although freight moves throughout the United States, the demand for freight transportation is driven primarily by the geographic distribution of population and economic activity. While both population and economic activity have grown faster in the West and South than in the Northeast and Midwest, the growth in economic activity per capita has been highest in the Northeast.
1980 to 2007
|Resident Population (thousands)||226,549||248,789||(R) 282,194||(R) 298,755||301,621||33|
|Northeast||49,136||50,828||(R) 53,668||(R) 54,590||54,681||11|
|Midwest||58,868||59,670||(R) 64,497||(R) 66,128||66,389||13|
|South||75,372||85,454||(R) 100,568||(R) 108,895||110,455||47|
|West||43,173||52,837||(R) 63,462||(R) 69,142||70,097||62|
|GDP ($ 2000 millions)1||5,054,549||6,994,329||(R) 9,749,104||(R) 13,119,937||13,743,020||172|
|Northeast||1,107,283||1,604,121||(R) 2,077,436||(R) 2,697,566||2,844,290||157|
|Midwest||1,262,917||1,566,939||(R) 2,174,719||(R) 2,701,362||2,809,097||122|
|South||1,608,531||2,220,755||(R) 3,212,076||(R) 4,567,582||4,791,796||198|
|West||1,075,817||1,602,514||(R) 2,284,873||(R) 3,153,427||3,297,837||207|
|GDP per capita ($ 2000)1||22,311||28,113||(R) 34,548||(R) 43,915||45,564||104|
|Northeast||22,535||31,560||(R) 38,709||(R) 49,415||52,016||131|
|Midwest||21,453||26,260||(R) 33,718||(R) 40,851||42,313||97|
|South||21,341||25,988||(R) 31,939||(R) 41,945||43,382||103|
|West||24,919||30,329||(R) 36,004||(R) 45,608||47,047||89|
Key: R = revised.
1As of October 26, 2006, the Bureau of Economic Analysis renamed the gross state product (GSP) seried to gross domestic product (GDP) by state.
Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.
Population: 1980-1990: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2005). 2000-2007: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Population Division, Annual Population Estimates, table 8, available at www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html as of June 5, 2008.
Gross Domestic Product: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Accounts, available at www.bea.gov/regional/ as of January 13, 2009.
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