Work Zone Mobility and Safety Program

C. TMP Template 1 Minor-to-Moderate Impacts

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Table of Contents

1.0 Project Description

2.0 TMP Team—Roles and Responsibilities

3.0 Preliminary Work Zone Impact Assessment

4.0 Work Zone Impact Management Strategies

5.0 Notes

6.0 TMP Implementation/Monitoring

7.0 TMP Review/Approvals

8.0 Appendices

1.0 Project Description

This section provides an overview of the project, which generally includes:

  • Work zone limits (if possible, include a map showing the limits of the work)
  • Project background information
  • Overview of roadways directly affected by project work zones
  • Specific traffic restrictions expected on major roadways during the work (e.g., shoulder closures, lane closures, lane shifts)
  • Regional projects that may impact each other
  • Project Schedule.

2.0 TMP Team—Roles and Responsibilities

This section includes contact information and roles and responsibilities of major personnel involved in the project such as:

  • TMP Development Managers—Agency/Contractor personnel who have primary responsibility for developing the TMP.
  • TMP Implementation/Monitoring Managers—Agency/Contractor personnel who have primary responsibility for implementing and monitoring the TMP.
  • TMP Implementation Task Leaders—Responsible for managing, completing, overseeing, or assisting in specific transportation management tasks during the work.
  • Emergency Contacts—Public and semi-public agencies, such as hospitals, schools, health clinics, etc., who must be kept informed about the work zone activities, especially in case of a road closure.

The following tables can be used to list the contact information and roles and responsibilities for major personnel involved in the project. Tables can be modified depending on agency needs.

TMP Development Managers
Department of Transportation (DOT) Consultant
Name/Title: Name/Title:
Unit: Unit:
Phone: Phone:
Email: Email:
Roles and Responsibilities:

TMP Implementation/Monitoring Managers
DOT Consultant
Name/Title: Name/Title:
Unit: Unit:
Phone: Phone:
Email: Email:
Roles and Responsibilities:

TMP Implementation Task Leaders
DOT Consultant
Name/Title: Name/Title:
Unit: Unit:
Phone: Phone:
Email: Email:
Roles and Responsibilities:

Emergency Service Contacts
Fire and Emergency Medical Services (FEMS) Police Department (PD)
Name/Title: Name/Title:
Unit: Unit:
Phone: Phone:
Email: Email:
Roles and Responsibilities:

3.0 Preliminary Work Zone Impact Assessment

As challenges vary greatly from one project to another, a preliminary assessment of work zone impacts developed in the early planning stages of the project will help identify issues or uncover problem areas that should be considered during project development. Agency guidelines apply on determining the impact levels and how extensive the preliminary assessment should be. Some agencies use decision-support tools, while others have developed checklists/flowcharts to assist in the decision-making process.

Some of the potential questions that could help in the preliminary assessment of work zone impacts include:

Does the project includes a long-term closure and/or extended weekend closure?

If Yes, what is/are the applicable type of facility(ies)?

  • Freeway
  • Principal Arterial
  • Minor Arterial
  • Collector
  • Local

Can traffic be detoured?

  • Is the local alternate detour route in good condition?
  • Will the detour route have a detrimental impact on emergency vehicles, school buses, or other sensitive traffic?
  • Are there load limit restrictions on the detour?
  • Are there bridge/culvert height or width restrictions on the detour?

Is the existing shoulder sufficient to support traffic during construction?

Is additional width required on culverts or bridges to maintain traffic?

Is there a pedestrian/bicycle facility that must be maintained?

Would a temporary structure(s) be required?

Would a median crossover be needed?

Would there be a need to maintain railroad traffic?

Could maintenance of traffic have an impact on existing or proposed utilities?

Does it appear that maintenance of traffic will require additional right-of-way?

Can the contractor restrict the roadway during the time periods listed?

  • a.m. peak hours, one direction
  • p.m. peak hours, one direction
  • a.m. peak hours, both directions
  • p.m. peak hours, both directions
  • Overnight
  • Local celebrations
  • Holidays or weekends
  • Sporting events/other special events

Will project timing (for example, start or end date) be affected by special events:

  • School closings or openings?
  • Holidays?
  • Sporting events?

Are there any projects to be considered along the corridor or in the region?

  • Roadwork in the immediate area that may affect traffic or the contractor's operations?
  • Roadwork on other roads that may affect the use of alternate routes?

Are there other maintenance of traffic issues? If so, specify.

Some projects (e.g., on low volume rural roads) may need only a simple screening tool such as a checklist, while others (e.g., in congested urban areas) may need quantitative analysis (level of service analysis, signal timing, etc) to determine the impact levels. Quantitative analysis may indicate the need for some additional analysis and/or strategies to assess and manage the impacts, or it may indicate that impacts are relatively low and few strategies are required beyond the temporary traffic control (TTC) plan.

NOTE: If the project is expected to create moderate-to-major impacts, use Template 2. For lower impacts projects, continue with this template.

4.0 Work Zone Impact Management Strategies

This section provides an overview of various strategies employed to improve the safety and mobility of work zones and reduce the work zone impacts on communities and businesses. The strategies are grouped according to the following categories:

  1. Temporary Traffic Control (TTC)
  2. Transportation Operations (TO)
  3. Public Information and Outreach (PI&O).

Additional Considerations

TMP Details—Many agencies have the details of proposed work zone strategies in TTC plans (e.g., PCMS message content) and strategies listed in the TMP document. In such cases, it will be useful to include the detailed plans (e.g., TTC Plan) as attachments to the TMP.

TMP Costs—Agency guidelines apply regarding whether cost should be shown in the TMP document. If the TMP is to be a contract document, it typically does not show cost items. However, estimating the work zone management strategy implementation costs and including these within the overall project budget is crucial, as it may be difficult to obtain additional funding at a later time. This potentially avoids under-allocation of funds. Where feasible, it is helpful to itemize the cost estimates for the various management strategies and document them in the TMP, and specify cost responsibilities, opportunities for sharing or coordinating with other projects, and funding sources. TMP components can be funded as part of the construction contract and/or in separate agreements.

The sample tables below provide a summary of various work zone management strategies. They can be modified by agencies to suit their needs.

Temporary Traffic Control Chosen strategy Cost
Control Strategies
1. Construction phasing/staging    
2. Full roadway closures    
3. Lane shifts or closures    
4. One-lane, two-way controlled operation    
5. Two-way, one-lane traffic/reversible lanes    
6. Ramp closures/relocation    
7. Freeway-to-freeway interchange closures    
8. Night work    
9. Weekend work    
10. Work hour restrictions for peak travel    
11. Pedestrian/bicycle access improvements    
12. Business access improvements    
13. Off-site detours/use of alternate routes    
Traffic Control Devices
14. Temporary signs    
15. Arrow boards    
16. Channelizing devices    
17. Temporary pavement markings    
18. Flaggers and uniformed traffic control officers    
19. Temporary traffic signals    
20. Lighting devices    
Project Coordination Strategies
21. Other area projects    
22. Utilities    
23. Right-of-Way    
24. Other transportation infrastructure    
Innovative Contracting Strategies
25. Design-Build    
26. A+B Bidding    
27. Incentive/Disincentive clauses    
28. Lane rental    
29. Performance specifications    
Innovative or Accelerated Construction Techniques
30. Prefabricated/precast elements    
31. Rapid cure materials    

Transportation Operations Chosen strategy Cost
Demand Management Strategies
1. Transit service improvements    
2. Transit incentives    
3. Shuttle services    
4. Parking supply management    
5. Variable work hours    
6. Telecommuting    
7. Ridesharing/carpooling incentives    
8. Park-and-Ride promotion    
Corridor/Network Management Strategies
9. Signal timing/coordination improvements    
10. Temporary traffic signals    
11. Street/intersection improvements    
12. Bus turnouts    
13. Turn restrictions    
14. Parking restrictions    
15. Truck/heavy vehicle restrictions    
16. Reversible lanes    
17. Dynamic lane closure system    
18. Ramp closures    
19. Railroad crossing controls    
20. Coordination with adjacent construction site(s)    
Work Zone ITS Strategies
21. Late lane merge    
22. PCMS with speed display    
23. Travel time estimation system    
24. Advanced speed information system    
25. Advanced congestion warning system    
26. Conflict warning system (e.g., construction vehicles entering roadway)    
27. Travel time monitor system    
28. Freeway queue monitor system    
29. CCTV monitoring    
30. Real-time detour    
Work Zone Safety Management Strategies
31. Speed limit reduction/variable speed limits    
32. Temporary traffic signals    
33. Temporary traffic barrier    
34. Movable traffic barrier systems    
35. Crash cushions    
36. Temporary rumble strips    
37. Intrusion alarms    
38. Warning lights    
39. Automated flagger assistance devices (AFADs)    
40. Project task force/committee    
41. Construction safety supervisors/inspectors    
42. Road safety audits    
43. TMP monitor/inspection team    
Incident Management and Enforcement Strategies
44. ITS for traffic monitoring/management    
45. TMC    
46. Surveillance (e.g., CCTV)    
47. Helicopter for aerial surveillance    
48. Traffic Screens    
49. Call boxes    
50. Mile-post markers    
51. Tow/freeway service patrol    
52. Total station units    
53. Photogrammetry    
54. Media coordination    
55. Local detour routes    
56. Contract support for Incident Management    
57. Incident/Emergency management coordination    
58. Incident/Emergency response plan    
59. Dedicated (paid) police enforcement    
60. Cooperative police enforcement    
61. Automated enforcement    
62. Increased penalties for work zone violations    
63. Emergency pull-offs    

Public Information and Outreach Chosen strategy Cost
Public Awareness Strategies
1. Branding    
2. Press kits    
3. Brochures and mailers    
4. Press releases/media alerts    
5. Mass media (earned and/or paid)    
6. Paid advertisements    
7. Project Information Center    
8. Telephone hotline    
9. Planned lane closure website    
10. Project website    
11. Public meetings/hearings, workshops    
12. Community task forces    
13. Coordination with media/schools/business/emergency services    
14. Work zone education and safety campaigns    
15. Work zone safety highway signs    
16. Rideshare promotions    
17. Visual information    
Motorist Information Strategies
18. Radio traffic news    
19. Changeable message signs    
20. Temporary motorist information signs    
21. Dynamic speed message sign    
22. Highway Advisory Radio (HAR)    
23. Extinguishable Signs    
24. Highway information network (web-based)    
25. Traveler information systems(wireless, handheld)    
26. Transportation Management Center (TMC)    
27. Live traffic camera(s) on a website    
28. Project information hotline    
29. Email alerts    

5.0 Notes

Any additional notes on selected strategies, the TMP in general, or any item requiring special attention for the project can be provided in this section.

6.0 TMP Implementation/Monitoring

Agency requirements for TMP implementation and monitoring can be included here. The responsible personnel for TMP implementation and monitoring can be identified in Section 2.0—Roles and Responsibilities.

Monitoring performance of the TMP during the construction phase is important in establishing whether the predicted impacts closely resemble the actual conditions in the field, and whether the TMP strategies are effective in managing the impacts. According to 23 CFR 630 Subpart J §630.1012(e), the State/Agency and the contractor shall each designate a trained person at the project level who has the primary responsibility and sufficient authority for implementing the TMP and other safety and mobility aspects of the project.

7.0 TMP Review/Approvals

TMPs, and changes to TMPs, must be approved by the DOT before they are implemented. A sample TMP Approval Template is given below which can be modified by agencies according to their practice/needs.

Chief Engineer Project Engineer
All approvals must be obtained prior to start of work
Signature: Signature:
Name: Name:
Date: Date:
Revision # Initials Date Revision # Initials Date
1     1    
2     2    

8.0 Appendices

A. Traffic Analysis Reports (if applicable)

B. Temporary Traffic Control Plans

C. Public Information and Outreach Plan (if applicable)

D. Post Project Evaluation Report

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