Appendix D. Funding and Responsibility Chart of U.S. DOT, U.S. DOJ, DHS/FEMA
* Decisions for FHWA funds are allocated by formula, and decisions for individual projects are made at the State or metropolitan planning organization level and are included in the State Transportation Improvement Plan (STIP) or metropolitan Transportation Improvement Plan (TIP). Most DHS and U.S. DOJ funds are allocated at the State level through the State Administrative Agency (the Governors’ designee).
** While eligible recipients for some grant programs include all State and local agencies, often DOJ and DHS grant funds FC activities, DHS grants fund EOC activities, and DOT grants fund TOC activities. Programs where State and local agencies are eligible grant recipients may be opportunities for TMCs, EOCs, and FCs to submit a combined request.
*** Program descriptions, eligibility, and application procedures for all Federal grant programs may be found in the Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance. In addition, web pages for these specific programs are included in the footnote for each grant program below.
[i] FHWA National Highway System and Surface Transportation Program: The operating costs for traffic monitoring, management, and control systems, such as integrated traffic control systems, incident management programs, and traffic control centers, are eligible for Federal reimbursement from National Highway System and Surface Transportation Program funding. Operating costs include labor costs, administrative costs, costs of utilities and rent, and other costs, including system maintenance costs, associated with the continuous operation of the system. For both National Highway System (NHS) and Surface Transportation Program (STP), the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) continues the eligibility of capital and operating costs for traffic monitoring, management, and control facilities and programs. Also, the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) clarified and SAFETEA-LU continues the eligibility of NHS and STP funds for ITS capital improvements to specifically allow funds to be spent for infrastructure-based ITS capital improvements. A Guide To Federal-Aid Programs and Projects
[ii] FHWA Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program (CMAQ): For projects located in air quality non-attainment and maintenance areas, and in accordance with the eligibility requirements of 23 USC 149(b), Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program funds may be used for operating costs for a 3-year period, so long as those systems measurably demonstrate reductions in traffic delays. Operating costs include labor costs, administrative costs, costs of utilities and rent, and other costs, including system maintenance costs, associated with the continuous operation of the system. FHWA Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program
[iii] FHWA National Highway Institute: States may use funds not to exceed one half of 1 percent of the amount apportioned to each State under Section 104(b)(3) for the surface transportation program for training their employees or employees of local transportation agencies. Such expenditures may not exceed 80 percent of the total cost of tuition and direct education expenses (excluding salaries) in connection with the education and training activities. Courses and study programs may be obtained from universities, other government agencies, the private sector, and/or the National Highway Institute. FHWA National Highway Institute
[iv] DHS Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Grant Program: Intended to improve emergency management and preparedness capabilities by supporting flexible, sustainable, secure, and interoperable EOCs with a focus on addressing identified deficiencies and needs. Funds are available for grants for construction or renovation of a State, local, or tribal government’s principal EOC. The State Administrative Agency (SAA) is the only eligible entity able to apply for the available funding on behalf of qualified State, local, and tribal EOCs. Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Grant Program
[v] DHS Interoperable Emergency Communications Grant Program (IECGP): Intended to improve local, tribal, regional, statewide, and national interoperable emergency communications, including communications in collective response to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters. Funds are available for planning, training, exercise, and personnel activities consistent with the goals and objectives of the Statewide Communication Interoperability Plans (SCIP) and aligned with the National Emergency Communications Plan (NECP). The State Administrative Agency is the only agency eligible to apply for FY 2008 IECGP funds. Interoperable Emergency Communications Grant Program (IECGP)
[vi] DHS Buffer Zone Protection Program (BZPP): BZPP provides grants to build security and risk-management capabilities at the State and local level to secure pre-designated Tier I and Tier II critical infrastructure sites, including chemical facilities, financial institutions, nuclear and electric power plants, dams, stadiums, and other high-risk/high-consequence facilities. Specific BZPP sites within 45 States have been selected based on their level of risk and criticality. Buffer Zone Protection Program (BZPP)
“DHS encourages projects funded through the FY 2010 BZPP to support the coordination and direct interaction with State, regional, and/or urban area fusion centers, and/or EOCs located in the region of the identified BZPP site. Examples include allowing fusion centers and/or EOCs access to video camera surveillance feeds resulting from cameras purchased through the BZPP or ensuring the jurisdiction responsible for the BZPP site has an identified liaison officer responsible for coordinating with and reporting suspicious activity to the fusion center.” Fiscal Year 2010 Buffer Zone Protection Program Guidance and Application Kit. March 18, 2010
[vii]DHS Competitive Training Grants Program (CTGP): Awards funds to competitively selected applicants to develop and deliver innovative training programs addressing high-priority national homeland security training needs. Competitive Training Grants Program (CTGP)
[viii] DHS Emergency Management Performance Grants (EMPG): Provides funds to assist State and local governments to sustain and enhance all-hazards emergency management capabilities. Emergency Management Performance Grants (EMPG)
[ix] Interoperable Emergency Communications Grant Program (IECGP): Provides funds to improve local, tribal, regional, statewide, and national interoperable emergency communications, including ensuring communications in collective response to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters is available for planning, training, exercise, and personnel activities consistent with the goals and objectives of the SCIP and aligned with the NECP. Interoperable Emergency Communications Grant Program (IECGP)
[x] DHS State Homeland Security Grant Program (SHSP): Provides funds to build capabilities at the State and local levels through planning, organization, equipment, training, and exercise activities. SHSP also supports the implementation of State homeland security strategies and key elements of the national preparedness architecture, including the National Preparedness Guidelines, the NIMS, and the NRF. Eligible entities for SHSP are all 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands. Available funds are distributed to each State based upon the risk and effectiveness scores associated with each application and also on a minimum allocation consistent with the statutory formula set by the 9/11 Act. State Homeland Security Program (SHSP)
[xi] Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI): Addresses the unique multi-disciplinary planning, organization, equipment, training, and exercise needs of high-threat, high-density urban areas, and assists them in building and sustaining capabilities to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from threats or acts of terrorism. This program provides funding to high-risk urban areas based on risk and effectiveness. Funds are allocated based on risk and anticipated effectiveness upon completion of the application review process. The 60 candidates are eligible to apply for funding under the UASI program. Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI)
[xii] Metropolitan Medical Response System Program (MMRS): Grants support local preparedness efforts to respond to all-hazards mass casualty incidents, including epidemic disease outbreaks; natural disasters; large-scale hazardous materials incidents; and chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or explosive attacks. Equal funding allocations are made to 124 cities to establish and sustain activities. Metropolitan Medical Response System (MMRS) Program
[xiii] DHS Operation Stonegarden (OPSG): Focuses on enhancing law enforcement preparedness and operational readiness along the land borders of the United States. OPSG provides funding to designated localities to enhance cooperation and coordination among Federal, State, tribal and local law enforcement agencies to secure the United States’ land borders. Operation Stonegarden (OPSG)
[xiv] DHS Regional Catastrophic Preparedness Grant Program (RCPGP): Provides funding to advance catastrophic incident preparedness to pre-designated high-risk urban areas. The goal of RCPGP is to support an integrated planning system that enables regional all-hazard planning for catastrophic events and the development of necessary plans, protocols, and procedures to manage a catastrophic event. Regional Catastrophic Preparedness Grant Program (RCPGP)
[xv] U.S. DOJ Justice Assistance Grants (JAG): Allows States and local governments to support a broad range of activities to prevent and control crime and to improve the criminal justice system. JAG replaces the Byrne Formula and Local Law Enforcement Block Grant (LLEBG) programs with a single funding mechanism that simplifies the administration process for grantees. Funds are allocated by a formula based on population and crime statistics, in combination with a minimum allocation to ensure that each State and territory receives an appropriate share. JAG funds can be used to pay for personnel, overtime, and equipment. Funds provided for the States can be used for statewide initiatives, technical assistance and training, and support for local and rural jurisdictions. Bureau of Justice Assistance Current and Upcoming Funding Opportunities
[xvi] U.S. DOJ Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program: Provides assistance to jurisdictions to address victim needs in the aftermath of an act of terrorism or mass violence. Funds may be used to compensate and assist victims within or outside the United States. Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program
[xvii] Bureau of Justice Assistance Discretionary Programs (BJA): Awards discretionary grants to local governments, States, American Indian and Alaska Native tribes and tribal organizations, educational institutions, private nonprofit organizations, and for-profit organizations. Some discretionary awards are competitive and make a pool of funds available to a targeted group of applicants. Examples of limited competition programs are the Drug Court Discretionary Grant Program, Gang Resistance Education and Training, Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Program, Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program, Prescription Drug Monitoring Program, Prisoner Reentry Initiative, and Tribal Courts Assistance Program.
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United States Department of Transportation – Federal Highway Administration
Last Modified: October 25, 2010