Office of Operations
21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

Planned Special Events – Economic Role and Congestion Effects

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Operations


August 2008

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Table of Contents

Report Cover

Notices

Form DOT F 1700.7

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION

Definition of a Planned Special Event
Previous Studies
Purpose of the Study
Organization of the Report

STUDY METHODOLOGY

Technical Definition of PSEs
Categorization of Event Types
Selection of Data Collection Methodologies
Selection of Case Studies
Case Study Methodology
Macro National Methodology
Traffic Impact Estimation Methodology

DETROIT CASE STUDY

Venues and Event Types
Data Collection by Venue
Data Collection by Activity
PSE Event Days Summary Matrix
Traffic Impacts

PORTLAND CASE STUDY

Venues and Event Types
Data Collection by Venue
Data Collection by Activity
PSE Event Days Summary Matrix
Traffic Impacts

EL PASO CASE STUDY

Venues and Event Types
Data Collection by Venue
Data Collection by Activity
PSE Event Days Summary Matrixes
Traffic Effects

COLUMBIA CASE STUDY

Venue and Event Types
Data Collection by Venue
Data Collection by Activity
PSE Event Days Summary Matrix
Traffic Impacts
Summary of Case Study Cities

NATIONAL ESTIMATES

Professional Football
Professional Baseball
Professional Basketball
Professional Hockey
College Football
College Basketball
College Ice Hockey
Horse Racing
Golf Tournaments
Auto Racing
Marathons and Walkathons
Concerts
Parades
Fairs
Festivals
Protests and Political Events
Expositions and Shows
Economic and Fiscal Impacts
National Congestion Estimates

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Findings and Conclusions
Recommendations for Future Research

APPENDIX: CONGESTION MITIGATION MEASURES

Congestion Implications of Various Event Types
Congestion Mitigation Techniques
Effectiveness of PSE Congestion Mitigation Measures

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