Primer for Improved Urban Freight Mobility and Delivery
|Planning Product||Who Develops?||Time Horizon||Freight-Related Content|
|Long-Range Statewide Transportation Plan||State DOT||20+ years||The State's long-range planning process must address several freight-related factors, such as economic vitality, accessibility and mobility of freight, system preservation, and intermodal connectivity. Plans must set targets for Federal freight performance measures and report on progress made with respect to performance targets. The long-range plan may incorporate State freight plan.|
|State Freight Plan||State DOT||5 years||Identification of significant freight system trends, needs, and issues in the State; an inventory of facilities with freight mobility issues; freight investment plan with a list of priority projects; description of how the State will invest and match Federal NHFP funds. Typically informed by freight advisory committee.|
|State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP)||State DOT||4 years||Identifies statewide priorities for transportation projects throughout the State. Lists projects to be funded with Federal transportation funds or needing certain Federal approvals.|
|Long-Range Metropolitan Transportation Plan||MPO||20+ years||Includes long-range and short-range program strategies and action that lead to the development of an integrated intermodal system in a region. Addresses a range of issues relevant to freight mobility including: economic vitality, accessibility and mobility of people and freight, system preservation, and intermodal connectivity. Sets targets for Federal freight performance measures and report on progress made with respect to performance targets.|
|Regional or City Freight Plan||MPO (regional) or city DOT (city)||No Federal requirement||Varies by plan, but usually includes: an inventory of freight facilities; data on historical freight activity; forecast of future freight activity; and identification of needed freight investments, policies, and strategies. Typically informed by freight advisory committee.|
|Transportation Improvement Program (TIP)||MPO||4 years||Identifies transportation projects and strategies the MPO plans to undertake over the next four years. Project receiving Federal funding must be in the TIP.|
|Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP)||FHWA/FTA/MPO||1 or 2 years||Lists transportation studies and tasks to be completed by MPO staff or a member agency, including freight planning studies or plans for collection and analysis of freight data.|
|Congestion Management Process (CMP)||MPOs with population >$200K||Be consistent with update cycle for long-range plan & TIP.||Determines causes of congestion and identifies operational and trip-reduction strategies for managing congestion. These actions and strategies can be freight-specific.|
|Transportation Systems Management & Operations (TSMO) Plan||MPO (not required as stand-alone plan)||No Federal requirement||Operations objectives, performance measures, operations strategies, and potential projects or programs. Can be used to identify operations goals and strategies that benefit freight mobility.|
Federal statute requires each MPO to develop a Transportation Improvement Program (TIP), which is a fiscally constrained list of upcoming transportation projects covering a period of at least four years. In the TIP, an MPO could identify infrastructure maintenance or rehabilitation projects that might involve OLT strategies before, during, or after project implementation. Similarly, States are required to develop a State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP), which is designed to leverage MPOs and other local entities to develop a statewide project list covering a four-year period. States could use STIPs to identify and fund large-scale OLT initiatives that could benefit urban freight movement at the State level.
The Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP) identifies planning priorities and activities for metropolitan planning areas over a one- to two-year period. The UPWP typically identifies planning data collection and analysis tasks, public outreach activities, and planning studies to be conducted. MPOs could use a UPWP to help set the stage for implementing OLT strategies by including the following:
A Congestion Management Process (CMP) is an approach for managing congestion at a regional or MPO level. The CMP uses a number of analytic tools to define and identify congestion within a region, corridor, and activity center or project area, and to develop and select appropriate strategies to reduce congestion or mitigate the impacts of congestion. A CMP is required in metropolitan areas with population exceeding 200,000, known as transportation management areas (TMAs). MPOs may use a CMP to:
A Transportation Systems Management and Operations (TSMO) Plan is often used as an addendum or complement to the metropolitan transportation plan and provides input on operations goals, objectives, performance measures, strategies, and projects or programs. The projects identified in a TSMO plan can be applied to freight at the regional, corridor, and/or project level. In developing a TSMO plan, management and operations stakeholders and planners work together to define a common vision, develop operations objectives, and identify performance measures. Participants also develop strategies and potential projects or programs to reach those objectives, then seek out resources by working within the region's planning and programming processes.
United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration