Tolling and Pricing Program - Links to Tolling and Pricing Program Home

Contemporary Approaches to Parking Pricing: A Primer

Cover of Contemporary Approaches to Parking Pricing: A Primer
Photo credit: (cover image) SFpark,
(composite, left to right) City of Seattle,
SFpark, iStockphoto

U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration

Office of Operations (HOP)
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

May 2012



Download the Printable Version [PDF, 2.3 MB]

You will need the Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF.

Contact Information: Operations Feedback at



Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.




1.0 Introduction

2.0 Pricing Overview

2.1 Free and Fixed Rate Parking

2.2 Performance-based Pricing

2.3 Parking Turnover Versus Parking Availability

3.0 Technology and Pricing

3.1 Available Technology

3.2 Selecting a Technology

3.3 Doing More with Less

3.4 Going Forward

4.0 Employer and Developer Focused Parking Pricing Strategies

4.1 Parking Cash Out and Transportation Allowances

4.2 Unbundled Parking

4.3 Parking Taxes and Fees

4.4 Implementation

5.0 Preferred User Accommodations

5.1 Residential Parking Permits

5.2 Commercial Loading

5.3 Disabled Parking

5.4 Government Employee Parking

5.5 Car Sharing

6.0 Public Acceptance

6.1 Developing a Strategy

6.2 Creating a Message

6.3 Marketing

6.4 Tracking

7.0 Case Studies

Aspen, Colorado

Washington, District of Columbia

Seattle, Washington

8.0 Conclusion

Works Cited