Measuring Border Delay and Crossing Times at the U.S.–Mexico Border—Part II
Step-by-Step Guidelines for Implementing a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) System to Measure Border Crossing and Wait Times
Contact Information: Operations Feedback at OperationsFeedback@dot.gov.
June 29, 2012
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Technical Report Documentation Page
|1. Report No.
|2. Government Accession No.||3. Recipient's Catalog No.|
|4. Title and Subtitle
Step-by-Step Guidelines for Implementing Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) System to Measure Border Crossing and Wait Times
|5. Report Date
June 29, 2012
|6. Performing Organization Code|
Rajat Rajbhandari, Juan Villa, Roberto Macias, William Tate
|8. Performing Organization Report No.|
|9. Performing Organization Name and Address
Texas Transportation Institute
Battelle Memorial Institute
|10. Work Unit No.|
|11. Contract or Grant No.
|12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
|13. Type of Report and Period Covered
Final Report covering 12/21/2007 to 6/29/2012
|14. Sponsoring Agency Code|
|15. Supplementary Notes|
The purpose of these step-by-step guidelines is to assist in planning, designing, and deploying a system that uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology to measure the time needed for commercial vehicles to complete the northbound border crossing process at the U.S.-Mexico border (i.e., crossing time) as well as time needed to reach the primary inspection station of the Customs and Border Protection facility from the end of a typical queue (i.e., wait time). Guidelines described in this document are based on experiences gathered while deploying RFID-based systems to measure crossing times and wait times at various U.S.-Mexico land border crossings in Texas. However, this document provides a step-by-step process that is not port of entry (POE) specific, so similar systems can be deployed at any POE, including those on the U.S.-Canada border.
|17. Key Words
ITS Technology, Border, Port of Entry, Traveler Information, Crossing and Wait Time, Guidelines
|18. Distribution Statement
|19. Security Classif.
(of this report)
|20. Security Classif.
(of this page)
|21. No. of Pages
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized
Table of Contents
- OVERVIEW OF BORDER CROSSING PROCESS
- PROJECT PLANNING
- Key Steps in Planning a Project to Deploy the RFID-Based Border Crossing Time and Wait Time Measurement System
- Identifying Regional Needs
- Using Regional Intelligent Transportation System and Border Information Flow Architecture
- Identifying Project Goals and Objectives
- Identifying Sources of Funding
- Identifying an Appropriate Procurement Method
- Applying the Systems Engineering Process
- Evaluation Questionnaire
- FEASIBILITY STUDY, CONOPS, AND SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
- Key Steps Prior to Designing the System
- Performing a Feasibility Study
- Developing a Concept of Operations
- Identifying System Requirements
- Evaluation Questionnaire
- SYSTEM DESIGN
- SYSTEM DEPLOYMENT
- Key Steps for Deploying the System
- Developing a Field Deployment Plan
- Developing a Risk Management Plan
- Procuring Equipment
- Obtaining Necessary Permits from Stakeholder Agencies
- Soliciting Local Contractors for Installation
- Assembling Equipment
- Importing Equipment to Mexico
- Installing Equipment
- Testing and Evaluating the Installed System
- APPENDIX A FIELD AND CENTRAL SUBSYSTEM TESTS
- APPENDIX B SYSTEM EVALUATION TESTS
- APPENDIX C GSA FORM 1583 AND AMPLIFYING INFORMATION
List of Tables
- Table 1. Summary of the advantages and disadvantages of potential vehicle identification technologies.
- Table 2. Project cost of RFID-based border crossing time and wait time measurement system projects deployed during 2009-2011.
- Table 3. Stakeholder agency roles and responsibilities.
- Table 4. Project risk, description of impact, and mitigation plans.
- Table 5. Permitting agencies, purpose of permits, conditions for granting permits, and necessary documentation.
- Table 6. Field subsystem tests.
- Table 7. Central subsystem test.
- Table 8. Techniques to collect baseline crossing time or wait time data in the field.
List of Figures
- Figure 1. Chart describing border crossing times of U.S. bound trucks.
- Figure 2. Key steps in planning an RFID-based border crossing time and wait time measurement system project.
- Figure 3. Four dimensions of a procurement process.
- Figure 4. “V” model diagram.
- Figure 5. Key steps prior to designing the system.
- Figure 6. Key steps for designing the system.
- Figure 7. Sample conceptual design of an RFID-based border crossing time and wait time measurement system.
- Figure 8. Sample RFID reader station.
- Figure 9. Key steps while deploying the system.
- Figure 10. Installing RFID antennae on a mast arm.