Office of Operations Freight Management and Operations

Measuring Border Delay and Crossing Times at the U.S.–Mexico Border—Part II
Step-by-Step Guidelines for Implementing a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) System to Measure Border Crossing and Wait Times

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June 29, 2012

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June 2012

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Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.


2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle

Step-by-Step Guidelines for Implementing Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) System to Measure Border Crossing and Wait Times

5. Report Date

June 29, 2012

6. Performing Organization Code

7. Author(s)

Rajat Rajbhandari, Juan Villa, Roberto Macias, William Tate

8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Texas Transportation Institute
3135 TAMU
College Station, TX 77843-3135

Battelle Memorial Institute
505 King Avenue
Columbus, OH 43201

10. Work Unit No.

11. Contract or Grant No.

DTFH61-06-D-00007/Task BA07-040

12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, S.E.
Washington, D.C. 20590

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Final Report covering 12/21/2007 to 6/29/2012

14. Sponsoring Agency Code

15. Supplementary Notes

16. Abstract

The purpose of these step-by-step guidelines is to assist in planning, designing, and deploying a system that uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology to measure the time needed for commercial vehicles to complete the northbound border crossing process at the U.S.-Mexico border (i.e., crossing time) as well as time needed to reach the primary inspection station of the Customs and Border Protection facility from the end of a typical queue (i.e., wait time). Guidelines described in this document are based on experiences gathered while deploying RFID-based systems to measure crossing times and wait times at various U.S.-Mexico land border crossings in Texas. However, this document provides a step-by-step process that is not port of entry (POE) specific, so similar systems can be deployed at any POE, including those on the U.S.-Canada border.

17. Key Words

ITS Technology, Border, Port of Entry, Traveler Information, Crossing and Wait Time, Guidelines

18. Distribution Statement

No restrictions

19. Security Classif.
(of this report)


20. Security Classif.
(of this page)


21. No. of Pages


22. Price

Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized

Table of Contents


List of Tables


List of Figures