Office of Operations Freight Management and Operations

Integrating Freight into NEPA Analysis

Final Report

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For More Information:
Contact Information: Freight Feedback at

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration

Office of Freight Management and Operations, HOFM-1
Mail Stop: E84-403
1200 New Jersey Ave., SE
Washington, DC 20590
Phone: 202-366-9210
Fax: 202-366-3302
Web site:

U.S. DOT logo

September 2010

Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-10-033

Table of Contents



1 Public/Stakeholder Involvement

Overview of Challenges

What to Look For

Who to Talk To

What to Ask

2 Scoping



Freight Impact Analysis

3 Purpose and Need

Freight-Focused Projects

Freight-Related Projects

Data Sources

4 Alternatives Analysis

Freight-Focused Projects

Freight-Related Projects

5 Affected Environment

6 Environmental Consequences

Freight-Focused and Freight-Related Projects

Energy, Air Quality, and Noise

Social, Economic, and Environmental Justice

Indirect and Cumulative Impacts

Freight Impact Analysis

7 Mitigation

Freight-Focused and Freight-Related Projects

Freight Impact Analysis/Mitigation


Appendix A. List of Relevant FHWA Training Materials

Appendix B. References for NEPA Legislation, Regulations, and Guidance

List of Figures

Figure 1. Integrating Freight into the Transportation Planning and Project Development Process

Figure 2. Overview of NEPA Process

Figure 3. Alameda Corridor Rail Line

List of Tables

Table 1. Freight Stakeholder Outreach

Table 2. Description of Freight Data

Table 3. Freight Data Sources

Table 4. Examples of Freight Solutions

Table 5. Performance Metrics Examples

Table 6. Impacts of Freight-Focused and Freight-Related Projects on Environmental Resources and Features