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21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

Synthesis of Active Traffic Management Experiences in Europe and the United States

Foreword

Notice

This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.

The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers’ names may appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.

Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.

FHWA-HOP-10-031

2. Government Accession No.

3. Recipient’s Catalog No.

4. Title and Subtitle

Synthesis of Active Traffic Management Experiences in Europe and the United States

5. Report Date

May 2010

6. Performing Organization Code

7. Author(s)

Chuck Fuhs (Parsons Brinckerhoff)

8. Performing Organization Report No.

9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Parsons Brinckerhoff
1 Penn Plaza
New York, NY 10119-0002
(performed as a subconsultant to Cambridge Systematics)

10. Work Unit No.

11. Contract or Grant No.

DTFH61-06-D-00004

12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Operations (HOP)
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Final Report

14. Sponsoring Agency Code

HOP

15. Supplementary Notes

FHWA COTM - Jessie Yung.

16. Abstract

This synthesis report describes both US and European techniques in Active Traffic Management (ATM).  The primary focus of this synthesis is on European experience, which in some cases dates back a number of years. This report provides a compilation of lessons learned, experiences, operational results, and benefits associated with active traffic management applications. The applications included for discussion are primarily those that include variable speed management (also called speed harmonization or lane control in Europe), shoulder or line management, junction control, and directional routing. The report concludes with a discussion of the potential benefits and challenges of a system-wide application of techniques to actively manage traffic and a listing of initial implementations of European strategies in the US.

17. Key Words

Active Traffic Management, High Occupancy Toll, High Occupancy Vehicle, Lane Control, managed lanes, speed harmonization, variable speed limit, congestion management, pricing, operations

18. Distribution Statement

No restrictions.

19. Security Classif. (of this report)

Unclassified

20. Security Classif.
(of this page)

Unclassified

21. No of Pages

35

22. Price

 

 

Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.

 

Metric Conversion Factors
(International System of Units)

APPROXIMATE CONVERSIONS TO SI UNITS
SYMBOL WHEN YOU KNOW MULTIPLY BY TO FIND SYMBOL

LENGTH

in

inches 25.4 millimeters mm

ft

feet 0.305 meters m

yd

yards 0.914 meters m

mi

miles 1.61 kilometers km

AREA

in2

square inches 645.2 square millimeters mm2

ft2

square feet 0.093 square meters m2

yd2

square yard 0.836 square meters m2

ac

acres 0.405 hectares ha

mi2

square miles 2.59 square kilometers km2

VOLUME

fl oz

fluid ounces 29.57 milliliters mL

gal

gallons 3.785 liters L

ft3

cubic feet 0.028 cubic meters m3

yd3

cubic yards 0.765 cubic meters m3

NOTE: volumes greater than 1000 L shall be shown in m3

MASS

oz

ounces 28.35 grams g

lb

pounds 0.454 kilograms kg

T

short tons (2000 lb) 0.907 megagrams (or "metric ton") Mg (or "t")
TEMPERATURE (exact degrees)

oF

Fahrenheit

5 (F-32)/9
or (F-32)/1.8

Celsius oC

ILLUMINATION

fc

foot-candles 10.76 lux lx

fl

foot-Lamberts 3.426 candela/m2 cd/m2

FORCE and PRESSURE or STRESS

lbf

poundforce   4.45   newtons N

lbf/in2

poundforce per square inch 6.89 kilopascals kPa

 

APPROXIMATE CONVERSIONS FROM SI UNITS
SYMBOL WHEN YOU KNOW MULTIPLY BY TO FIND SYMBOL

LENGTH

mm

millimeters

0.039

inches in

m

meters

3.28

feet ft

m

meters

1.09

yards yd

km

kilometers

0.621

miles mi

AREA

mm2

square millimeters

0.0016

square inches in2

m2

square meters

10.764

square feet ft2

m2

square meters

1.195

square yards yd2

ha

hectares

2.47

acres ac

km2

square kilometers

0.386

square miles mi2

VOLUME

mL

milliliters

0.034

fluid ounces fl oz

L

liters

0.264

gallons gal

m3

cubic meters

35.314

cubic feet ft3

m3

cubic meters

1.307

cubic yards yd3

MASS

g

grams

0.035

ounces oz

kg

kilograms

2.202

pounds lb

Mg (or "t")

megagrams (or "metric ton")

1.103

short tons (2000 lb) T

TEMPERATURE (exact degrees)

oC

Celsius 1.8C+32 Fahrenheit oF

ILLUMINATION

lx

lux

0.0929

foot-candles fc

cd/m2

candela/m2

0.2919

foot-Lamberts fl

FORCE and PRESSURE or STRESS

N

newtons 0.225 poundforce lbf

kPa

kilopascals

0.145

poundforce per square inch lbf/in2

 

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