Office of Operations
21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

Evacuating Populations With Special Needs

Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series

Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.


2. Government Accession No.

3. Recipient's Catalog No.

4. Title and Subtitle

Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series: Evacuating Populations with Special Needs

5. Report Date

April 2009

6.  Performing Organization Code

7. Author(s)

Nancy Houston, Andrea Vann Easton (Booz Allen Hamilton)
Elizabeth A. Davis, Jennifer Mincin, Brenda D. Phillips, Ph.D., Mariana Leckner, Ph.D. (EAD & Associates, LLC)

8. Performing Organization Report No.

9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Booz Allen Hamilton
8283 Greensboro Drive
McLean, Virginia 22102

EAD & Associates, LLC
44 Court Street, Suite 812
Brooklyn, New York 11201

10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)


11. Contract or Grant No.


12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

Federal Highway Administration, HOTO-1
U. S. Department of Transportation
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE
Washington, D. C. 20590

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Final Report

14. Sponsoring Agency Code


15. Supplementary Notes

Kimberly Vasconez, FHWA Team Leader, Emergency Transportation Operations, Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative (COTR).

16. Abstract

Evacuation operations are conducted under the authority of, and based on decisions by, local and state authorities. The purpose of this primer, Evacuating Populations with Special Needs, is to provide local and state emergency managers, government officials, transportation agencies, and other organizations involved in disaster response with best practices and tools to accommodate people with special needs in an evacuation. This primer is designed to assist emergency managers and transportation personnel in developing an evacuation plan that includes the coordination of transportation resources that meet the requirements of people with special needs.

This document constitutes the third of a primer series entitled “Routes to Effective Evacuations.” This primer focuses on special needs populations who require assistance during a local or multi-jurisdictional emergency evacuation.

17. Key Words

Evacuations, Special Needs, Emergency Management

18. Distribution Statement

No restrictions.

19. Security Classif. (of this report)


20. Security Classif. (of this page)


21. No. of Pages


22. Price

Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72)        Reproduction of completed page authorized