Office of Operations Freight Management and Operations

FHWA Operations Support - Port Peak Pricing Program Evaluation

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Table of Contents

Foreword

1.0 Introduction

2.0 Analysis of the PierPASS OffPeak Program

2.1 Factors Leading to the Development of the PierPASS OffPeak Program

2.2 Background on the PierPASS OffPeak Program

2.3 Impacts on Truck Traffic and Congestion

2.4 Stakeholder Perceptions about PierPASS

2.5 Summary of Findings

3.0 Market Analysis

3.1 Selection of Representative Ports

3.2 Identification of Relevance and Success Factors

3.3 Summary of Findings from Port Market Analysis.

4.0 Institutional Analysis

4.1 Acceptance of the Program by Shippers

4.2 Role of Independent Drayage Truckers

4.3 Role of Labor

4.4 Night-Time Trucking and Noise Regulations

5.0 Policy and Program Considerations

5.1 Existing Federal Congestion Pricing Programs

5.2 Existing Federal Port Related Policies

5.3 Legal Issues Pertaining to Port User Fees

5.4 Considerations for Port Peak Pricing Program and Evaluation Guidelines

6.0 Conclusions

6.1 Lessons Learned from the PierPASS OffPeak Program

6.2 Key Factors to be Considered in Evaluating the Applicability/Feasibility of Port Peak Pricing Programs?

6.3 Role of the Federal Government in Port Peak Pricing Programs

6.4 Incorporating Port Peak Pricing Programs within Existing Federal Congestion Pricing Programs

6.5 Port Peak Pricing Program Evaluation Guidelines

6.6 Transitioning to Sustainable Port Peak Pricing Programs

A. Port Market Analysis Results

A.1 Port of Seattle

A.2 Port of Houston

A.3 Port of New York and New Jersey

A.4 Port of Virginia

B. Night-Time Trucking and Noise Regulations for Select Port Cities

B.1 Seattle, Washington

B.2 Houston, Texas

B.3 New York City, New York

B.4 Norfolk, Virginia

B.5 Oakland, California

B.6 Charleston, South Carolina

List of Tables

Table 2.1 San Pedro Bay Ports Containerized Cargo Forecasts

Table 2.2 Share of Total and Port Truck Traffic on the I‑710 Corridor

Table 2.3 Port of Long Beach Truck Traffic Trends 2005

Table 2.4a Time-of-Day Truck Traffic Distribution Trends on I‑710 North of PCH – Northbound

Table 2.4b Time-of-Day Truck Traffic Distribution Trends on I‑710 North of PCH – Southbound

Table 2.5 Trends in Hourly Truck Volume Shares on I‑710, North of PCH Southbound

Table 2.6 Trends in Hourly Truck Volume Shares on I‑710, North of PCH Northbound

Table 3.1 Ports Selected for Market Analysis

Table 3.2 Selected Set of Relevance and Success Factors

Table A.1 Contribution of Maritime Activities to Total Emissions by Pollutant, Puget Sound Clean Air Agency Region 2005

Table A.2 Peak-Pricing/Extended Gate Operations Program Performance Evaluation of Selected Ports

Table B.1 Seattle Permissible Sound Levels

Table B.2 New York City Permissible Sound Levels

Table B.3 Norfolk Permissible Sound Levels

List of Figures

Figure 2.1  Growth in West Coast Port Container Traffic

Figure A.1 Port of Seattle Share of Emissions by Source and Type of Pollutant, 2005

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Freight Management and Operations
1200 New Jersey Ave., SE
Washington, DC 20590
Phone: 202-366-9210
Fax: 202-366-3302
Web site: http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/

U.S. DOT logo

January 2009
Publication #FHWA-HOP-09-014

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