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Non-Toll Pricing—A Primer


Bordoff, J. E., & Noel, P. J. (2008, July). Pay-as-you-drive auto insurance: A simple way to reduce driving-related harms and increase equity. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

BST Associates. (2008, July 9). PierPASS review: Final report. Long Beach, CA: PierPASS, Inc.

Cervero, R., Golub, A., & Nee, B. (2006, May). San Francisco City CarShare: Longer-term travel-demand and car ownership impacts (Working Paper 2006-07). Berkeley, CA: Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California, Berkeley.

Deakin, E., & Harvey, G. (1996, November). Transportation pricing strategies for California: An assessment of congestion, emissions, energy, and equity impacts. Sacramento, CA: California Environmental Protection Agency.

Deen, T. (2003, January 13). Policy versus the market: Transportation’s battleground.
Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.

Glascock, J., Cooper, C., & Keller, M. (2003, July). The downtown Seattle access project parking cash out experience: Results and recommendations. Seattle, WA: King County Metro.

Greenberg, A. (2002, November 15). Comparing the benefits of mileage and usage pricing incentives with other government transportation incentives. In The Transportation Research Board’s 82nd Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers. (CD-ROM). Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.

Holtzclaw, J., Clear, R., Dittmar, H., Goldstein, D., & Haas, P. (2002). Location efficiency: Neighborhood and socio-economic characteristics determine auto ownership and use—studies in Chicago, Los Angeles and San Francisco. Transportation Planning and Technology, 25(1),1–27.

Parry, I. W. H. (2005, April). Is pay-as-you-drive insurance a better way to reduce gasoline than gasoline taxes? Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.

Shoup, D. (1997). Evaluating the effects of parking cash-out: Eight case studies. Sacramento, CA: California Air Resources Board Research Division.

Shoup, D. (2005). The high cost of free parking. Chicago, IL: American Planning Association Press.

Swiss Federal Office of Energy. (2000). Mobility at your convenience: Car sharing—The key to combined mobility. Zurich, Switzerland: Author.

Van Hattum, D., Zimmer, C., & Carlson, P. (2000, June). Implementation and analysis of cashing-out employer paid parking by employers in the Minneapolis–St. Paul metropolitan area. Prepared for the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

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