Freight Facts and Figures 2011
Table 1-1. Economic and Social Characteristics of the United States: 1980-2009
Freight transportation has grown over time with the expansion of population and economic activity within the United States and with the increasing interdependence of economies across the globe. The U.S. population grew by nearly 36 percent between 1980 and 2009 and climbed to 308.7 million in 2010. The U.S. economy, measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), more than doubled in real terms, while household income, another indicator of economic growth, rose by eight percent between 1980 and 2009. Foreign trade grew faster than the overall economy, quintupling in real value over the same period, reflecting unprecedented global interconnectivity.
1980 to 2009
|Resident population (thousands)||226,546||248,791||281,425||304,375||307,007||35.5|
|Median household income (2005 $)||42,067||44,758||47,608||46,707||45,211||7.5|
|Civilian labor force (thousands)||106,940||125,840||142,583||154,287||154,142||44.1|
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting (percent)||NA||1.9||1.8||1.5||1.5||NA|
|Wholesale and retail trade||NA||14.7||14.6||14.2||14.1||NA|
|Transportation and utilities||NA||5.1||5.4||5.3||5.2||NA|
|Professional and business services||NA||9.4||10.0||10.7||10.7||NA|
|Education and health services||NA||17.5||19.1||21.6||22.7||NA|
|Leisure and hospitality||NA||8.0||8.2||8.8||9.1||NA|
|Business establishments (thousands)||NA||6,176||7,070||7,601||7,433||NA|
|Gross domestic product (millions of 2005 $)||(R) 5,834,000||(R) 8,027,100||(R) 11,216,400||(R) 13,161,900||12,703,100||117.7|
|Foreign trade (millions of 2005 $)||631,335||1,168,168||2,572,000||(R) 3,793,847||3,346,839||440.2|
|Goods (percent)||74.0||71.6||78.8||(R) 77.5||75.4||1.9|
|Services (percent)||26.0||28.4||21.2||(R) 22.5||24.6||-5.3|
Key: NA = not available; R = revised.
1Based on the 2002 Census Industry Classification system. Data for 1990 do not appear in the source document; they are estimated using the Bureau of Labor Statistics crosswalk from the 1990 Census Industry Classification system to the 2002 Census Industry Classification system.
2Data for governmental units come from the Census of Governments, which is collected every five years.
Population: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Population Profile of the United States, available at www.census.gov/population/www/pop-profile/profile.html as of August 9, 2011.
Households: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Families and Living Arrangements, table HH-1, available at www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam.html as of August 9, 2011.
Civilian Labor Force: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey, available at www.bls.gov/data/ as of August 9, 2011.
Employment: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Statistics, available at www.bls.gov/ces as of August 9, 2011.
Median household income: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Historical Income Tables, table H-6, available at www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/household/index.html as of August 9, 2011.
Business establishments: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, County Business Patterns, available at www.census.gov/econ/cbp/ as of August 9, 2011.
Governmental units: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Census of Governments, available at www.census.gov/govs as of August 9, 2011.
Gross domestic product and foreign trade: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts Tables, tables 1.1.5, 1.1.6, and 4.2.4, available at www.bea.gov/national/FA2004/index.asp as of August 9, 2011.
To view Excel files, you can use the Microsoft Excel Viewer.