Table 4-4: Employment in Selected Freight Transportation and Freight Transportation-Related Occupations
Freight transportation jobs are not limited to for-hire carriers. Truck driving is by far the largest freight transportation occupation in the United States, and many drivers work for retailers and other establishments with shipper-owned trucks. There were more than 3 million truck drivers in 2006; about 56 percent of these professionals drive heavy/tractor trailer trucks, 31 percent drive light/delivery service trucks, and about 13 percent are driver/sales workers. Many industry analysts believe the number of truck drivers is below demand and that driver shortages will worsen in the future.
|Occupation (SOC code)||2000||2004||2005||2006|
|Vehicle operators, pipeline operators, and primary support|
|Driver/sales worker (53-3031)||373,660||406,910||400,530||396,680|
|Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer (53-3032)||1,577,070||1,553,370||1,624,740||1,673,950|
|Truck drivers, light or delivery services (53-3033)||1,033,220||938,730||938,280||941,590|
|Locomotive engineers (53-4011)||29,390||31,180||37,390||36,870|
|Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers (53-4013)||4,020||6,170||6,970||5,820|
|Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators (53-4021)||16,830||16,410||20,700||22,810|
|Railroad conductors and yardmasters (53-4031)||40,380||35,720||38,330||37,110|
|Sailors and marine oilers (53-5011)||30,090||27,570||31,090||31,690|
|Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels (53-5021)||21,080||25,200||28,570||29,170|
|Ship engineers (53-5031)||7,370||10,330||13,240||14,190|
|Bridge and lock tenders (53-6011)||4,790||3,500||3,620||3,700|
|Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators (53-7071)||6,510||4,680||3,950||3,900|
|Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers (53-7072)||13,730||9,810||9,970||10,030|
|Transportation equipment manufacturing and maintenance occupations|
|Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists (49-3031)||258,800||251,430||248,280||254,850|
|Rail car repairers (49-3043)||10,620||18,140||24,270||23,810|
|Transportation Infrastructure construction and maintenance occupations|
|Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators (47-4061)||9,940||10,430||13,510||13,680|
|Signal and track switch repairers (49-9097)||5,540||7,780||6,100||5,980|
|Dredge operators (53-7031)||3,100||1,730||1,720||1,780|
|Secondary support service occupations|
|Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance (43-5032)||167,180||165,910||172,550||185,410|
|Postal service mail carriers (43-5052)||354,980||344,050||347,180||346,990|
|Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks (43-5071)||864,530||747,270||759,910||763,350|
|Transportation inspectors (53-6051)||26,520||24,140||25,570||23,790|
|Tank car, truck, and ship loaders (53-7121)||17,480||16,530||15,950||15,360|
Key: SOC = Standard Occupational Classification.
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wages, 2005 (Washington, DC: May 2005), available at http://www.bls.gov/oes as of June 3, 2007.
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