Figure 2-1. Value of Merchandise Trade by Coasts and Borders: 1950-2006 (Chained $2000)
Foreign trade has had a major impact on all U.S. borders and coasts. Since 1950, the value of merchandise trade has grown sixteen-fold in inflation-adjusted terms. In 2006, ports and airports on the Atlantic Coast remain the most important, but the land borders and other coasts are catching up.
Sources: 1950-1970: U.S. Census Bureau, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, Bicentennial Edition (Washington, DC: 1975); 1975: U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1977 (Washington, DC: 1977); 1980-1985: U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1987 (Washington, DC; 1986); 1990-2000: U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2006 (Washington, DC; 2005); 2005-2006: U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, FT920 - U.S. Merchandise Trade: Selected Highlights (Washington, DC: December 2006) as of September 6, 2007; Implict GDP Deflator: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Current-Dollar and “Real” Gross Domestic Product, available at www.bea.gov as of September 6, 2007.
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