Freeway Management Program
photos of trucks right lane only sign, toll booth, HOV sign, and HOV lanes
21st century operations using 21st century technologies

High Occupancy Vehicle Facilities

High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) facilities serve to increase the total number of people moved through a congested corridor by offering two kinds of travel incentives: a substantial savings in travel time, along with a reliable and predictable travel time. Because HOV lanes carry vehicles with a higher number of occupants, they move significantly more people during congested periods, even if the number of vehicles that use the HOV lane is lower than on the adjoining general purpose lanes. In general, carpoolers, vanpoolers, and bus patrons are the primary beneficiaries of HOV lanes by allowing them to move through congestion.

Legislation and Guidance

HOV Pooled Fund Study

The HOV Pooled Fund Study (PFS) is intended to identify and address the key issues and challenges that public agencies are facing with HOV facilities. This study provides a forum to pursue projects that address the needs that are common among participating members. Any agency or authority responsible for planning, designing, implementing, managing, and operating HOV facilities is eligible to join and participate in the PFS.

HOT Lane Projects Web Sites

HOV Frequently Asked Questions

The HOV FAQs provide a list of questions and answers to questions that FHWA frequently gets about HOV systems.

Inventory of HOV Facilities

  • Pooled Fund Study HOV Inventory - View a searchable list of planned and existing HOV facilities that are located on controlled access freeways in the U.S. and Canada.
  • HOV Facility Development: A Review of National Trends (PDF 829KB)


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