Highway Evacuations in Selected Metropolitan Areas: Assessment of Impediments
Las Vegas, Nevada
The following information provides some details regarding evacuation planning statewide, with the focus on the large metropolitan area of Clark County (Las Vegas). The Southern Nevada Evacuation/ Emergency Planning project reviewed the Clark County Emergency Operations Plan and found the plan comprehensive and generally complete. Moreover, DHS gave the plan high marks. The review also found that the Clark County local area plan does not delineate extensive roles and responsibility for Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT) participation.
The project recommends that future updates to the Clark County emergency plans would benefit if NDOT ensured that the local area emergency plans include more detail on NDOT's roles, responsibilities, and capabilities. Respondents indicated that this could be achieved by simply referencing the NDOT emergency plans—primarily the District-Level plan—in the local area emergency plans, rather than expanding the emergency plans with extensive NDOT-specific detail. Moreover, with the relatively recent expansion of Advanced Transportation Management Systems (ATMS) in the Freeway and Arterial System of Transportation (FAST) TMC and on the Las Vegas Metropolitan area freeway system, the region would benefit from an ATMS inventory and capabilities and better understanding of how ATMS applications could be used by emergency managers.
Respondents provided the following plans for this study, all of which are the most recent:
The NDOT, when possible, obtains copies of the evacuation plans for each jurisdiction within the State to determine any identified tasks that would require NDOT participation. The large majority of pre-determined evacuation routes are State/Federal highways, which fall under NDOT's responsibilities. Once NDOT determines its roles, NDOT incorporates these details into the District-level plan.
The NDOT Maintenance and Operations Division, Emergency Management Section, is covered by performance measures which are reported to the State legislature. These performance measures require that each NDOT staff be trained and exercised on the Emergency Operations Plan and that NDOT updates the Plan on a 3-year cycle.
The statewide plan covers the entire State at a high level. The NDOT also maintains a Southern Nevada Evacuation Plan, but it is principally a strategic plan. It does not provide details on NDOT response to an evacuation event. The NDOT currently is involved in the development of a statewide evacuation plan being funded with a DHS Grant. The statewide evacuation plan is currently conducting a traffic study to determine the most appropriate evacuation routes and the responsibilities of the different agencies, both State and local, to support an evacuation along those routes. The current focus of this planning effort is Northern Nevada.
Top Highway Impediments
Top Highway Impediments
United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration