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FHWA National Dialogue on Highway Automation
Chicago, IL
September 5-6, 2018

Long Description for Levels of Automation

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Automation Levels

0 - No Automation

Zero autonomy; the driver performs all driving tasks

1 - Driver Assistance

Vehicle is controlled by the driver, but some driving assist features may be included in the vehicle design.

2 - Partial Automation

Vehicle has combined automated functions, like acceleration and steering, but the driver must remain engaged with the driving task and monitor the environment at all times

3 - Conditional Automation

Driver is a necessity, but is not required to monitor the environment. The driver must be ready to take control of the vehicle at all times with notice.

4 - High Automation

the vehicle is capable of performing all driving functions under certain conditions. The driver may have the option to control the vehicle.

5 - Full Automation

The vehicle is capable of performing all driving functions under all conditions. The driver may have the option to control the vehicle.

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