Freight Facts and Figures 2013
Table 5-8. Energy Consumption by Selected Freight Transportation Mode: 2007-2010
In 2011, trucking accounted for a large majority of freight transportation energy consumption, followed by water, a distant second.
Trillions of BTUs
|Class I Rail||(R) 567||(R) 542||(R) 447||488||515|
|Water||1,367||(R) 1,204||(R) 1,094||1,194||1,117|
|Pipeline (natural gas only)||642||668||691||695||705|
Key: R = revised; BTU = British Thermal Unit.
Notes: Based on a new methodology, FHWA revised its annual vehicle miles travelled, number of vehicles, and fuel economy data beginning with 2007. Information on the new methodology is available at www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm. Data in this figure should not be compared to those in pre-2011 editions of Freight Facts and Figures. Data do not include energy consumed by oil pipelines (crude petroleum and petroleum products) or coal slurry/water slurry pipelines.
Highway: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: annual issues), table VM-1.
Rail: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: annual issues), p. 61.
Water: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 2011 (Washington, DC: 2012), tables 2, 4, and similar tables in earlier editions; U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: annual issues), table MF-24, available at www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics/2011/ as of September 20, 2013.
Pipeline: U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Annual 2011, (Washington, DC: January 2013), table 15 and similar tables in earlier editions.
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