Freight Facts and Figures 2013
Table 5-1. Fatalities by Freight Transportation Mode: 1990, 2000, and 2010-2012
While the amount of freight transportation activity has increased in recent decades, the number of fatalities has declined or remained stable, with the exception of waterborne casualties that are not vessel related. Trucks accounted for approximately 12 percent of all highway fatalities in 2012. The vast majority of fatalities involve passenger travel on highways.
|Total transportation fatalities (passenger and freight)||(R) 47,379||(R) 44,376||34,968||34,349||U|
|Highway (passenger and freight)||44,599||41,945||(R) 32,999||32,367||33,561|
|Large truck occupants1||705||754||(R) 530||635||697|
|Others killed in crashes involving large trucks||4,567||4,528||3,146||3,122||3,224|
|Large truck occupants1 (percent)||1.6||1.8||1.6||2.0||2.1|
|Others killed in crashes involving large trucks (percent)||10.2||10.8||9.6||9.6||9.6|
|Railroad (passenger and freight)||729||631||600||(R) 557||U|
|Highway-rail crossing2||130||119||125||(R) 110||U|
|Waterborne (passenger and freight)||186||111||(R) 93||(R) 62||U|
|Mobile offshore drilling units||0||0||0||0||U|
|Not vessel-related4||101||69||(R) 52||(R) 34||U|
|Pipeline||9||38||(R) 22||(R) 14||12|
|Hazardous liquid pipeline||3||1||1||1||3|
|Gas pipeline||6||37||(R) 21||(R) 13||9|
Key: P = preliminary; R = revised; U = unavailable at date of publication.
1Large trucks are defined as trucks over the 10,000 pound gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors.
2Includes fatalities involving motor vehicles at private highway-rail grade crossings and fatalities not involving motor vehicles at all highway-rail grade crossings resulting from freight and passenger rail operations including commuter rail. Excludes highway-rail grade crossing fatalities involving motor vehicles at public highway-rail grade crossings which are counted.
3Includes Amtrak. Fatalities include those resulting from train accidents, train incidents, and nontrain incidents.
4Vessel-related casualties include those involving damage to vessels such as collisions or groundings. Fatalities not related to vessel casualties include deaths from falling overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment.
5Includes industrial vessel, passenger (inspected), passenger (uninspected), recreational, research vessel, unclassified, and unknown data.
Caution must be exercised in comparing fatalities across modes because significantly different definitions are used.
Total: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, available at www.bts.gov as of April 28, 2014.
Highway: 1990 and 2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts, Large Trucks (annual issues); 2010-2012: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts - Highlights (annual issues).
Railroad: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/officeofsafety/default.asp as of October 4, 2013.
Waterborne: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division, personal communication, September 30, 2013.
Pipeline: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Pipeline Safety Program, Pipeline Library, available at http://primis.phmsa.dot.gov/comm/PipelineLibrary.htm as of October 4, 2013.
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