Freight Facts and Figures 2013
Table 1-1. Economic and Social Characteristics of the United States: 1990, 2000, and 2009-2011
Freight transportation has grown over time with the expansion of population and economic activity within the United States and with the increasing interdependence of economies across the globe. The U.S. population grew by 25 percent between 1990 and 2011, climbing to 311.6 million in 2011. The U.S. economy, measured by gross domestic product (GDP), increased by 68 percent in real terms (inflation adjusted), while household income, another indicator of economic growth, remained the same between 1990 and 2011. Foreign trade grew faster than the overall economy, doubling in real value over the same period, reflecting unprecedented global interconnectivity.
1990 to 2011
|Resident population (thousands)||248,791||282,172||307,007||(R) 309,326||311,588||25.2|
|Median household income (2005 $)||(R) 44,637||(R) 52,3014||(R) 49,777||(R) 48,476||47,732||0.2|
|Civilian labor force (thousands)||125,840||142,583||(R) 153,120||(R) 153,649||153,945||22.3|
|Employed1 (thousands)||118,793||136,891||(R) 138,025||(R) 139,295||140,896||18.6|
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting (percent)||1.9||1.8||1.5||1.6||1.6||-15.5|
|Wholesale and retail trade||14.7||14.6||14.1||14.2||14.1||-4.1|
|Transportation and utilities||5.1||5.4||5.2||5.1||5.1||0.0|
|Professional and business services||9.4||10.0||10.7||11.0||11.3||20.0|
|Education and health services||17.5||19.1||22.7||23.1||22.8||30.0|
|Leisure and hospitality||8.0||8.2||9.1||9.0||9.1||12.8|
|Business establishments (thousands)||6,176||7,070||7,433||7,397||7,354||19.1|
|Gross domestic product (millions of 2005 $)||(R) 8,027,100||(R) 11,216,400||(R) 12,757,900||13,063,000||15,052,400||68.3|
|Foreign trade (millions of 2005 $)||(R) 1,973,122||(R) 3,251,266||(R) 3,621,545||4,200,500||4,226,900||209.9|
|Goods (percent)||NA||(R) 78.2||(R) 75.3||77.1||76.4||NA|
|Services (percent)||NA||(R) 21.8||(R) 24.7||22.9||23.6||NA|
Key: NA = not available; R = revised
1Based on the 2002 Census Industry Classification system. Data for 1990 do not appear in the source document; they are estimated using the Bureau of Labor Statistics crosswalk from the 1990 Census Industry Classification system to the 2002 Census Industry Classification system.
2Data for governmental units come from the Census of Governments, which is collected every five years.
Population: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Population Profile of the United States, available at www.census.gov/population/www/pop-profile/profile.html as of September 20, 2013.
Households: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Families and Living Arrangements, table HH-1, available at www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam.html as of September 20, 2013.
Civilian Labor Force: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey, available at www.bls.gov/data as of September 20, 2013.
Employment: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Statistics, available at www.bls.gov/ces as of September 20, 2013.
Median household income: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Historical Income Tables, table H-6, available at www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/household/index.html as of September 20, 2013.
Business establishments: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, County Business Patterns, available at www.census.gov/econ/cbp/ as of September 20, 2013.
Governmental units: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Census of Governments, available at www.census.gov/govs as of September 20, 2013.
Gross domestic product and foreign trade: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts Tables, table 1.1.5, available at www.bea.gov/national/FA2004/index.asp as of September 20, 2013.
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