Office of Operations
21st Century Operations Using 21st Century Technologies

Vehicle Infrastructure Integration (VII)

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Slide 1

Vehicle Infrastructure Integration
......... an opportunity

11th WORLD CONGRESS on ITS
Nagoya, Aichi 2004, JAPAN

October 18-22, 2004

Jeffrey F. Paniati
Federal Highway Administration
U.S. Department of Transportation


Slide 2

Presentation Overview

Vehicle Infrastructure Integration

  • What?
  • Why?
  • How?

Slide 3

Vehicle Infrastructure Integration

Connecting Vehicles and Infrastructure

Creating an "enabling communication infrastructure"


Slide 4

Driving Forces: Safety

This image shows over the past 20 years the fatalities rate and number of fatalities have remained fairly constant. VII and the applications it will enable provide an opportunity to make a significant impact on Safety by reducing fatalities.


Slide 5

Driving Forces: Mobility

This image shows over the past 20 years, vehicle miles traveled and hours of delay have significantly increased while there has been less than 2 percent increase in highway capacity. VII and the applications it will enable will provide an opportunity to slow or reduce delay.


Slide 6

Improving Roadway Operation

Improving safety and reducing congestion requires more efficient management of the roadway system.

  • Vehicle-highway Information exchange is the key to improved management and operation of the transportation network.
  • This capability could provide valuable information on traffic conditions, crashes, adverse weather and road conditions, etc.

Slide 7

VII Can Enable a Wide Range of Applications

  • Work Zone Management
  • Traveler Information
  • Intersection Collision Avoidance
  • Weather Sensing

…for example


Slide 8

Intersection Collision Avoidance

  • Intersection crashes account for more than 17% of all highway fatalities.
  • IVI Program concluded that cooperative systems were necessary to completely address intersection collisions.
  • First Intelligent Intersection demonstrated.
  • DSRC at 5.9Ghtz provides necessary capability and security.

Slide 9

Weather Response (Snow, Ice, Fog)

  • 17% of all highway fatalities occur during adverse weather.
  • Weather information is critical to travelers - Gallup Survey.
  • Existing national weather information is inadequate for highway operations.
  • Efforts to enhance this information locally are expensive and of limited value.
  • Sensors on vehicles could provide continuous data on air and road surface temperature, visibility, precipitation, etc.

Slide 10

Traveler Information/Travel Management

  • Current traveler information systems are dependent on limited data.
  • Probe vehicles could provide complete network information:
    • average speeds
    • delay
    • weather events
    • incidents
  • Data collected for roadway use remains anonymous (without unique vehicle identifiers).
  • Tailored information could be provided directly to motorists.

Slide 11

Telematics

  • A wide range of telematics services will likely be enabled.
  • These services will likely be available to the consumer on an opt-in basis.
  • Some examples:
    • Dynamic route guidance
    • Electronic payment for services
    • Fleet management

Slide 12

Working Together!

  • Working group in place.
    • USDOT, AASHTO, auto companies
  • 110 public and private use cases developed.
  • Preliminary architecture defined.
  • Standards nearing completion.
  • DSRC prototype development underway.

We have concluded that VII is technically feasible.


Slide 13

Issues Remain

Several key issues will have to be resolved:

  • Institutional issues
  • Business models
  • Engaging other stakeholders

Slide 14

Addressing the Issues

  • Institutional Issues
    • Privacy -- Public and Private
    • Data Ownership
    • Access
  • Business Approach - Many Options
    • Full Public Funding - Public Utility
    • Public-Private Partnership
      • Maximizing Private Involvement
  • First VII Workshop in February "05"

Slide 15

US DOT Program

Motivation

  • Potential of VII is Clear.
  • No single use may justify deployment.
  • No single entity may cause deployment.
  • Some sort of cooperative venture is needed.

Milestone

  • A decision to proceed with deployment accompanied by a plan for deployment.

Slide 16

The VII Opportunity

A High Risk - High Reward Venture

The Team Consensus: "It is worth pursuing"

This image shows over the past 20 years the fatalities rate and number of fatalities have remained fairly constant. VII and the applications it will enable provide an opportunity to make a significant impact on Safety by reducing fatalities. The opportunity to reduce the 42,000 highway deaths make VII worth pursuing.


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