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Contemporary Approaches to Parking Pricing: A Primer

Cover of Contemporary Approaches to Parking Pricing: A Primer
Photo credit: (cover image) SFpark,
(composite, left to right) City of Seattle,
SFpark, iStockphoto

U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration


Office of Operations (HOP)
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov


May 2012

FHWA-HOP-12-026

 

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For more information, contact:

Allen Greenberg

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Operations (HOP)
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
Phone: 202-366-6726
Fax: 202-366-3225


Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.


Contents

 

Acknowledgements


1.0 Introduction


2.0 Pricing Overview

2.1 Free and Fixed Rate Parking

2.2 Performance-based Pricing

2.3 Parking Turnover Versus Parking Availability

3.0 Technology and Pricing

3.1 Available Technology

3.2 Selecting a Technology

3.3 Doing More with Less

3.4 Going Forward

4.0 Employer and Developer Focused Parking Pricing Strategies

4.1 Parking Cash Out and Transportation Allowances

4.2 Unbundled Parking

4.3 Parking Taxes and Fees

4.4 Implementation

5.0 Preferred User Accommodations

5.1 Residential Parking Permits

5.2 Commercial Loading

5.3 Disabled Parking

5.4 Government Employee Parking

5.5 Car Sharing

6.0 Public Acceptance

6.1 Developing a Strategy

6.2 Creating a Message

6.3 Marketing

6.4 Tracking

7.0 Case Studies

Aspen, Colorado

Washington, District of Columbia

Seattle, Washington

8.0 Conclusion


Works Cited

Office of Operations